ORO-Dental Manifestations in West Syndrome

Author(s): Fedora della Vella*, Maria Contaldo, Renato Fucile, Francesco Panza, Vittorio Dibello, Zamira Kalemaj, Rossella Ninivaggi, Massimo Petruzzi, Rosario Serpico

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 19 , Issue 31 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: West Syndrome is a rare epileptic encephalopathy involving infantile spasms, altered electroencephalographic pattern with hypsarrhythmia, and psychomotor development delay. It arises in paediatric patients, generally within the first year of life, in symptomatic or idiopathic form depending on the presence of hereditary features or not.

Case Report: In this report it is described the case of a West syndrome patient affected by multiple caries, gingival enlargement, dental eruption abnormalities, high-arched palate and MIH, treated at the dental clinic of University of Bari “Aldo Moro”.

Discussion: West patients present with multiple oral abnormalities, including altered eruption timing, teeth agenesis, teeth shape and position abnormalities, plaque and calculus accumulation, malocclusions and bad oral habits (mouth breathing, nails biting).

Conclusion: West Syndrome patients’ oral hygiene is generally bad due to their motor difficulty and to their low compliance towards dentists, which entails general anaesthesia to perform dental treatment. West Syndrome pharmacological treatment is usually based on antiepileptic drugs and/or ACTH. These medications are well known for their ability to induce gingival enlargement, increasing the possibility of plaque accumulation and gingivitis development.

Keywords: West Syndrome, Special needs, Epilepsy, ORO-dental, Epileptic, MRI.

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VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 31
Year: 2019
Page: [2824 - 2828]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1568026619666191114122732
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