Medicinal Value and Potential Therapeutic Mechanisms of Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino and Its Derivatives: An Overview

Author(s): Kaijun Li*, Chao Ma, Haoyu Li, Sooranna Dev, JianFeng He, Xiaosheng Qu*

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 19 , Issue 31 , 2019

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Abstract:

Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino (GpM) and its derivatives, especially gypenosides (Gyps), are widely used as safe and convenient natural herbal drugs for the treatment of many diseases for a long time, and Gyps have different oral bioavailability (OB) values and low ability to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The effects of GpM and isolates on fibrosis, inflammation, oxidation, proliferation and migration are proved. GpM shows bidirectional regulation effect on proliferation, oxidation and apoptosis in tumor and non-tumor cells. GpM and its extractions can resist proliferation, activate oxidation and apoptosis in tumor cells and have opposite effects on non-tumor cells. We succinctly present some current views of medicinal value and potential therapeutic mechanisms of GpM and its derivatives.

Keywords: Gynostemma, Herbals, Etiology, Pharmacological action, Molecular mechanisms, Fibrosis.

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