Development of Fast and Simple LC-ESI-MS/MS Technique for the Quantification of Regorafenib; Application to Pharmacokinetics in Healthy Rabbits

Author(s): Yatha Ravi*, Darna Bhikshapathi, Shankar Cheruku, Bigala Rajkamal

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Analysis

Volume 17 , Issue 4 , 2021

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: A simple quantification technique by liquid chromatography electrospray ionization- tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) is required for regorafenib in biological matrices with bioavailability studies in healthy rabbits, when compared with reported techniques.

Objective: The main aim of the research work was to develop a validated LC-ESI-MS/MS technique for the quantification of regorafenib and application to bioavailability studies in healthy rabbits.

Methods: Chromatographic separation was achieved with hypersil-C18 analytical column (50mm×4.6 mm, 4μm) and mobile phase composition of acetonitrile and 5mM ammonium acetate in the proportion of 70:30. The mobile phase was infused into the column with high pressure to get a 0.7 ml/min flow rate. The total retention time of the analyte is promising when compared with the existed methods for regorafenib. Quantitation was processed by monitoring transitions of m/z -483.0/262.0 and 450.0/260.0 for regorafenib and internal standard respectively in multiple reaction monitoring.

Results: The linearity equation and correlation coefficient (R2) findings were y =0.9948x+2.6624 and 0.998 respectively. The intra and inter-day precision of the developed technique was found between 1.00 – 8.50% for the QC-samples (2, 4, 240 and 480ng/ml). From bioavailability study, the drug was shown Tmax of 3.688 ± 0.754; average AUC0→α and AUC0→t were 6476.81 ± 259.59 and 6213.845 ± 257.892 respectively and Cmax was found to be 676.91 ± 22.045 in healthy rabbits.

Conclusion: The developed technique was validated and successfully applied in the pharmacokinetic study of the drug (40 mg tablet) administered through the oral route in healthy rabbits.

Keywords: Regorafenib, tyrosine kinase inhibitor, bioavailability studies, LC-MS/MS, matrix effect, metabolites.

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Article Details

Year: 2021
Published on: 03 March, 2021
Page: [554 - 563]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1573412916666191111144707
Price: $65

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