Physiological Functions of Heat Shock Proteins

Author(s): Qiang Shan, Fengtao Ma, Jingya Wei, Hongyang Li, Hui Ma, Peng Sun*

Journal Name: Current Protein & Peptide Science

Volume 21 , Issue 8 , 2020

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Abstract:

Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are molecular chaperones involved in a variety of life activities. HSPs function in the refolding of misfolded proteins, thereby contributing to the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. Heat shock factor (HSF) is activated in response to environmental stresses and binds to heat shock elements (HSEs), promoting HSP translation and thus the production of high levels of HSPs to prevent damage to the organism. Here, we summarize the role of molecular chaperones as anti-heat stress molecules and their involvement in immune responses and the modulation of apoptosis. In addition, we review the potential application of HSPs to cancer therapy, general medicine, and the treatment of heart disease.

Keywords: Heat shock proteins, molecular chaperone, immunity, antioxidation, tumor, heat shock factor.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2020
Page: [751 - 760]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1389203720666191111113726
Price: $65

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