Uncommon Association Between Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Thyrotoxicosis, Cutaneous Abscess and Acute Pericarditis in an Immunocompetent Patient: A Single Case Report and Literature Review

Author(s): Martinot Amelie, Demar Magalie, Thelusme Liliane, Bounoua Merzaka, Santa Florin, Dueymes Maryvonne, Vujica Jelena, Dequidt Henry, Sabbah Nadia*

Journal Name: Current Diabetes Reviews

Volume 16 , Issue 6 , 2020


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Abstract:

Introduction: The typical factors precipitating diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) include infections (30%), cessation of antidiabetic medication (20%), and a new diagnosis of diabetes (25%). The etiology remains unknown in 25% of cases. Less frequent causes cited in the literature include severe thyrotoxicosis and, infrequently, pericarditis. Few publications have described the role of human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) in endocrine and metabolic disorders. Based on a clinical case associated with several endocrine and metabolic disorders, we suggest a potential role for HTLV-1, an endemic virus in the Amazonian area, and review the literature concerning the role of this virus in thyroiditis, pericarditis and diabetes mellitus.

Case Report: A fifty-year-old Surinamese woman without any medical history was admitted for diabetic ketoacidosis. No specific anti-pancreatic autoimmunity was observed, and the C-peptide level was low, indicating atypical type-1 diabetes mellitus. DKA was associated with thyrotoxicosis in the context of thyroiditis and complicated by nonbacterial pericarditis and a Staphylococcus aureus subcutaneous abscess. The patient was infected with HTLV-1.

Conclusion: To our knowledge, this uncommon association is described for the first time. Few studies have analyzed the implications of HTLV-1 infection in thyroiditis and diabetes mellitus. We did not find any reports describing the association of pericarditis with HTLV-1 infection. Additional studies are necessary to understand the role of HTLV-1 in endocrine and cardiac disorders.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, diabetic ketoacidosis, thyroiditis, acute pericarditis, infection, human T lymphotropic virus type 1.

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VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2020
Page: [641 - 648]
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DOI: 10.2174/1573399815666191025141841
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