Here, we summarized recent advances in laboratory and clinical research on gut microbiome.
The goal is to highlight recent discoveries on the biology and behavioral manifestations of gut
microbiomes under normal and pathologic conditions. With this new scientific knowledge, we wish to
cultivate cross-fertilization of science across multi-disciplines in the hopes of exploiting the gut microbiome
as a key component of human development and its dysbiosis may signal pathological alterations
that can be therapeutically targeted for regenerative medicine. In the end, we identify innovative
research avenues that will merit from collaborations across biomedical disciplines that may facilitate
the development of gut microbiome-based biomarkers and therapeutics. Gut microbiome stands as a
core research area that transcends pediatric and nursing care, cancer biology, neurodegenerative disorders,
cardiac function and diseases, among many other basic science and clinical arenas.
Keywords: Gut microbiota, inflammation, intestinal permeability, cell therapy, neurodegenerative diseases, breastfeeding,
cancer biology, nursing.
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