In the last few decades, considerable research has led to the introduction of selective and
efficient green as well as sustainable synthetic methods of functionalization of carbon-hydrogen bonds
to form new carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom bonds. In this emerging field, significant development
has been attained under various environmentally benign conditions including aqueous medium.
In this review, we have summarized the current development of C-H functionalization carried out in
an aqueous medium and its synthetic applications according to carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom
bond formations under green conditions.
Keywords: C-H functionalization, aqueous medium, carbon-carbon bond formation, carbon-heteroatom bond formation, environmentally
benign, green conditions.
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