Needle-disk Electrospinning: Mechanism Elucidation, Parameter Optimization and Productivity Improvement

Author(s): Zhi Liu*, Lei Zhou, Fangtao Ruan, Anfang Wei, Jianghui Zhao*, Quan Feng

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology

Volume 14 , Issue 1 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Nanofiber’s productivity plagues nanofibrous membranes’ applications in many areas. Herein, we present the needle-disk electrospinning to improve throughput. In this method, multiple high-curvature mentals are used as the spinning electrode.

Methods: Three aspects were investigated: 1) mechanism elucidation of the needle-disk electrospinning; 2) parameter optimization of the needle-disk electrospinning; 3) productivity improvement of the needle-disk electrospinning.

Results: Results show that high-curvature electrode evokes high electric field intensity, making lower voltage supply in spinning process. The needle number, needle length and needle curvature synergistically affect the spinning process and nanofiber morphology. Additionally, higher disk rotation velocity and higher voltage supply can also result in higher nanofiber’s productivity.

Conclusion: Compared with previous patents related to this topic, the needle-disk electrospinning is featured with the merits of high throughput, low voltage supply, controllable spinning process and nanofiber morphology, benefiting the nanofiber practical industrial employment and further applications of nanofiber-based materials.

Keywords: Throughput, high-curvature, nanofiber, needle-disk, ultrafiltration, needleless electrodes.

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VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2020
Page: [46 - 55]
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DOI: 10.2174/1872210513666191018102605
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