Background: Preeclampsia is the multi-systemic hypertensive pregnancy disorder accompanied by proteinuria.
Objectives: To determine the frequency of different presentations of preeclampsia in tertiary care hospital and find out its risk factors.
Materials and Methods: Present study was hospital based cross-sectional study and conducted from 1st August 2015 to 31st July 2016 in Gynaecology and Obstetrics department, Liaquat University of medical and health sciences (LUMHS), Hyderabad after ethical approval. A total of 112 pre-eclamptic women were enrolled during the study period by non-probability consecutive sampling. Patients were divided on the basis of their presentations into mild preeclampsia, severe preeclampsia, antepartum eclampsia, intrapartum eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, postpartum preeclampsia, postpartum eclampsia and atypical preeclampsia/eclampsia. All the socio-demographic factors and clinical variables were noted. Frequency and percentage were calculated for categorical variable and mean/standard deviation (SD) for continuous variables.
Results: Of the 112 preeclamptic women, 54.5% admitted with antepartum eclampsia, 12.5% with severe preeclampsia, 8.9% with atypical preeclampsia/eclampsia, 8% with mild preeclampsia, 8% with postpartum eclampsia, 3.6% with HELLP syndrome, 2.7% with intrapartum eclampsia and 1.8% with postpartum preeclampsia. Over all, majority of the patients were primigravida (57%), had gestational age >34 weeks at presentation (58.9%) and <7 antenatal visits (88.3%) during their pregnancy. Over all 17.8% had previous bad obstetrical event, 11.6% had previous history of preeclampsia and 64.3% had consanguineous marriages.
Conclusion: Different presentations of preeclampsia may help obstetricians to rule out high risk pregnancies and provide antenatal care to patients earlier to prevent complications to both mother and fetus.