Mechanical and Tribological Characterization of Hybrid Natural Fiber Reinforced Composites

Author(s): Hiral H. Parikh*, Harshit P. Soni, Deval A. Suthar, Dhruv H. Patel

Journal Name: Current Materials Science
Formerly: Recent Patents on Materials Science

Volume 12 , Issue 2 , 2019

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Abstract:

Background: The technological enhancement in various disciplines enhances the demand for the new material which can replace the conventional materials. This has initiated the idea of composite materials. Synthetic fiber reinforced polymer matrix composites are being widely used due to its mechanical properties, but these fibers lack in terms of biodegradability, initial processing cost, recyclability and health hazard. An alternative to tackle these drawbacks can be found in natural fibers, that give an advantage in terms of strength to weight ratio, ease of availability and biodegradability.

Methods: This work is aimed to determine the effect of hybrid basalt - banana reinforced epoxy composite and their effectiveness in substituting few conventional materials in terms of their mechanical properties, wear resistance and water absorption rate.

Results: Basalt Banana Hybrid Composite (BBHC) is tested for their mechanical strength, hardness, impact strength, flexural strength, wear rate and water absorption rate. The test results of mechanical properties for the BBHC are compared to the other hybrid materials and conventional materials.

Conclusion: The test results reveal that the hybrid basalt banana epoxy composite is a good substitute over various conventional materials. The water absorption test results reveal that the hydrophilic nature of the natural fibers reduces a lot after the hybridization.

Keywords: Hybrid composites, mechanical characterization, natural fiber reinforced composites, tribological characterization, wear, basalt banana hybrid composite, biodegradability.

[1]
Parikh H, Gohil P. Tribology of fiber reinforced polymer matrix composites-a review. J Reinf Plast Compos 2015; 34(16): 1340-6.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684415591199]
[2]
Ramesh M, Atreya SAT, Aswin US, Eashwar H, Deepa C. Processing and mechanical property evaluation of banana fiber reinforced polymer composites. Procedia Eng 2014; 97: 563-72.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.284]
[3]
Lu Z, Xian G. Combined effects of sustained tensile loading and elevated temperatures on the mechanical properties of pultruded BFRP plates. Constr Build Mater 2017; 150: 310-20.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.06.026]
[4]
Harpreet S, Singh JIP, Singh S, Vikas D. A brief review of jute fiber and its composites. Mater Today: Proceed 2018; 5(14): 28427-37.
[5]
Parikh H, Gohil P. Experimental investigation and prediction of wear behavior of cotton fiber polyester composites. Friction 2017; 5(2): 183-93.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40544-017-0145-y]
[6]
Gohil P, Shaikh AA. Experimental evaluation for mechanical property of unidirectional banana reinforced polyester composites. J Advanced Mater Res 2010; 123-125: 1147-50.
[7]
Yu T, Jiang N, Li Y. Study on short ramie fiber/poly (lactic acid) composites compatibilized by maleic anhydride. Compos, Part A Appl Sci Manuf 2014; 64: 139-46.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2014.05.008]
[8]
Lopresto V, Leone C, De Iorio I. Mechanical characterization of basalt fiber reinforced plastic. Compos, Part B Eng 2011; 42(4): 717-23.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.01.030]
[9]
Kamal AN, Abidin ZA, Shiric FMB. Effects of fibre configuration on mechanical properties of banana Fibre/PP/MAPP natural fibre reinforced polymer composite. Procedia Eng 2017; 184: 573-80. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.140].
[10]
Jordan W, Chester P. Improving the properties of banana fiber reinforced polymeric composites by treating the fibers. Procedia Eng 2017; 200: 283-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.040]
[11]
Bakri MKB, Elammaran J, Sinin H. Processing and characterization of banana fiber/epoxy composites: effect of alkaline treatment. Mater Today: Proceedings 2017; 4(2): 2871-8.
[12]
Soares B, Preto R, Sousa L, Reis L. Mechanical behavior of basalt fibers in a basalt-UP composite. Proc Struct Int 2016; 1: 82-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prostr.2016.02.012]
[13]
Bhoopathi L, Sampath PS, Mylsamy K. Influence of fiber length in the wear behavior of borassus fruit fiber reinforced epoxy composites. Int J Eng Sci Technol 2009; 4: 4119-29.
[14]
Yousif BF, El-Tayeb NSM. Wet adhesive wear characteristics of untreated oil palm fiber reinforced polyester and treated oil palm fiber reinforced polyester composites using the pin on disc and block on ring techniques. J Engineer Tribol 2009; 224: 123-31.
[15]
Mahapatra SS, Vedansh C. Modeling and Analysis of abrasive wear performance of composites using the Taguchi approach. Int J Eng Sci Technol 2009; 1: 123-35.
[16]
Jordan W, Chester P. Improving the properties of banana fiber reinforced polymeric composites by treating the fibers. Procedia Eng 2017; 200: 283-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.040]
[17]
Fragassa C, Pavlovic A, Santulli C. Mechanical and impact characterization of flax and basalt fibre vinyl ester composites and their hybrids. Compos, Part B Eng 2018; 137: 247-59.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.01.004]
[18]
Senthilkumar K, Saba N, Rajini N, Chandrasekar M, Jawaid M, Siengchin S, et al. Mechanical property evaluation of sisal fiber reinforced polymer composites: A review. Constr Build Mater 2018; 174: 713-29.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.04.143]
[19]
Haneefa A, Bindu P, Aravind I, Thomas S. Studies on tensile and flexural properties of short banana/glass hybrid fiber reinforced polystyrene composites. J Compos Mater 2008; 42: 1471-89.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0021998308092194]
[20]
Arslana C, Dogan M. The effects of silane coupling agents on the mechanical properties of basalt fiber reinforced poly(butylene terephthalate) composites. Compos, Part B Eng 2018; 146: 145-54.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.04.023]
[21]
Bakri MKB, Jayamani E, Hamdan S. Processing and characterization of banana fiber/epoxy composites: Effect of alkaline treatment. Mater Today: Proceed 2017; 4(2): 2871-8.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2017.02.167]
[22]
Lopresto V, Leone C, De Iorio I. Mechanical characterization of basalt fibre reinforced plastic. Compos, Part B Eng 2011; 42(4): 717-23.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.01.030]
[23]
Karadi SS, Belawadi I, Raghavendra S, Manjunath A. Evaluation of mechanical properties in banana fiber reinforced thermoplastic polymer composites. Int J Eng Res Technol (IJERT) 2015; 4(6): 288-91.
[24]
Rao DP, Rao VD, Naidu L, Bahubalendruni RMVA. Mechanical properties of banana fiber reinforced composites and manufacturing techniques: a review. Int J Res Develop Technol 2017; 8(7): 2349-3585.
[25]
Narayan S, Rajeshkannan A. Hardness, tensile and impact behavior of hot forged aluminum metal matrix composites. J Mater Res Technol 2017; 6(3): 213-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2016.09.006]
[26]
Madhukiran J, Rao SS, Madhusudan S. Tensile and hardness properties of banana/pineapple, natural fiber reinforced hybrid composites. Int J Eng Res Technol (Ahmedabad) 2013; 7(2): 1260-4.


open access plus

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2019
Page: [136 - 143]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1874464812666190919091045

Article Metrics

PDF: 16
HTML: 4
EPUB: 2
PRC: 3