Microwave-assisted One-pot Synthesis of Amide Bond using WEB

Author(s): Kantharaju Kamanna*, S.Y. Khatavi, P.B. Hiremath

Journal Name: Current Microwave Chemistry

Volume 7 , Issue 1 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Amide bond plays a key role in medicinal chemistry, and the analysis of bioactive molecular database revealed that the carboxamide group appears in more than 25% of the existing database drugs. Typically amide bonds are formed from the union of carboxylic acid and amine; however, the product formation does not occur spontaneously. Several synthetic methods have been reported for amide bond formation in literature. Present work demonstrated simple and eco-friendly amide bond formation using carboxylic acid and primary amines through in situ generation of O-acylurea. The reaction was found to be more efficient, faster reaction rate; simple work-up gave pure compound isolation in moderate to excellent yield using microwave irradiation as compared to conventional heating.

Methods: Developed one-pot synthesis of amide compounds using agro-waste derived greener catalyst under microwave irradiation.

Results: Twenty amide bond containing organic compounds are synthesized from carboxylic acid with primary amine catalyzed by agro-waste derived medium under microwave irradiation. First, the reaction involved carboxylic acid activation using EDC.HCl, which is the required base for the neutralization and coupling. The method employed natural agro-waste derived from banana peel ash (WEB) for the coupling gave target amide product without the use of an external organic or inorganic base.

Conclusion: In the present work, we demonstrated that agro-waste extract is an alternative greener catalytic medium for the condensation of organic carboxylic acid and primary amine under microwave irradiation. The method found several advantages compared to reported methods like solventfree, non-toxic, cheaper catalyst, and simple reaction condition. The final isolated product achieved chromatographically pure by simple recrystallization and did not require further purification.

Keywords: Water extraction of banana, ethylene glycol, carbodiimide, microwave Irradiation, amide bond, carboxylic acid.

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Year: 2020
Page: [50 - 59]
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DOI: 10.2174/2213335606666190828114344

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