Association of PICALM Gene Polymorphisms with Alzheimer's Disease: Evidence from an Updated Meta-Analysis

Author(s): Fang-Fang Zeng, Jun Liu, Hong He, Xu-Ping Gao, Min-Qi Liao, Xiao-Xuan Yu, Yan-Hua Liu, Sui Zhu, Chun-Xia Jing*

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 16 , Issue 13 , 2019

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Background: Previous studies have examined the roles of three polymorphisms (rs3851179, rs541458, and rs592297) of the PICALM gene in susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease (AD) with inconclusive findings.

Objective: We performed a meta-analysis to explore whether these three polymorphisms in the PICALM gene were associated with susceptibility to AD.

Methods: Bibliographical searches were conducted in the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases. Summary Odds Ratios (ORs) with 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of association in a random effects model. Potential sources of heterogeneity were identified by subgroup and meta-regression analyses.

Results: Twenty studies (9,017 cases and 15,448 controls) on rs3851179, 12 studies (8,077 cases and 12,022 controls) on rs541458, and 4 studies (2,106 cases and 2,234 controls) on rs592297 were considered eligible for meta-analyses. For both rs3851179 and rs541458, the overall ORs were significant under all genetic models with mild heterogeneity. Compared with G carriers, A carriers of rs3851179 were associated with a decreased risk of AD (OR = 0.88; 95% CI 0.84, 0.91, P for Z-test <0.001, I2 = 0.0%). Compared with T carriers, C carriers of rs541458 were inversely associated with AD risk (OR = 0.86; 95% CI 0.81, 0.92, P for Z-test <0.001, I2 = 39.5%). No association was observed for rs592297. Subgroup and meta-regression analyses indicated that the protective effect of the rs541458 C allele was observed only among Caucasians, not among Asians (P for interaction: 0.021~<0.001).

Conclusion: rs3851179 and rs541458 appear to be associated with decreased AD risk. The null associations for rs592297 with AD risk need further confirmation with a larger number of participants.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, single nucleotide polymorphism, PICALM gene, meta-analysis, epidemiology, odds ratio.

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Year: 2019
Page: [1196 - 1205]
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DOI: 10.2174/1567205016666190805165607
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