Treatment with Cinacalcet in Hemodialysis Patients with Severe Secondary Hyperparathyroidism, Influences Bone Mineral Metabolism and Anemia Parameters

Author(s): Maria Aktsiali, Theodora Papachrysanthou, Ioannis Griveas, Christos Andriopoulos, Panagiotis Sitaras, Ioannis K. Triantafyllopoulos, George I. Lambrou*

Journal Name: Current Drug Therapy

Volume 15 , Issue 3 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: Due to the premium rate of Chronic Kidney Disease, we have increased our knowledge with respect to diagnosis and treatment of Bone Mineral Disease (BMD) in End- Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Currently, various treatment options are available. The medication used for Secondary Hyper-Parathyroidism gives promising results in the regulation of Ca, P and Parathormone levels, improving the quality of life. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation of cinacalcet administration to not only parathormone, Ca and P but also to anemia parameters such as hematocrit and hemoglobin.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in a Chronic Hemodialysis Unit. One-hundred ESRD patients were recruited for twenty-four months and were evaluated on a monthly rate. Biochemical parameters were related to medication prescribed and the prognostic value was estimated. Cinacalcet was administered to 43 out of 100 patients in a dose of 30-120 mg.

Results: Significant differences were observed in PTH, Ca and P levels with respect to Cinacalcet administration. Ca levels appeared to be higher at 30mg as compared to 60mg cinacalcet. Furthermore, a decreasing age-dependent pattern was observed with respect to cinacalcet dosage. A positive correlation was observed between Dry Weight (DW) and cinacalcet dose. Finally, a positive correlation between Hematocrit and Hemoglobin and cinacalcet was manifested.

Conclusions: Cinacalcet, is a potential cardiovascular and bone protective agent, which is approved for use in ESRD patients to assist SHPT. A novel information was obtained from this study, regarding the improvement of the control of anemia.

Keywords: Cinacalcet, renal disease, dialysis, bone mineral metabolism, anemia, hemoglobin.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Published on: 14 October, 2020
Page: [249 - 263]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/1574885514666190802144629
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