Investigation on the Polymer Drawing Model of the Centrifugal Spinning

Author(s): Jia-Jia Liu, Li-Li Wu, Ting Chen*

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology

Volume 14 , Issue 1 , 2020

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Background and Objective: Some patents have reported the centrifugal spinning method which utilizes the centrifugal force produced by a high speed rotating device to fabricate fibers from polymer melts or solutions. Recently, with the development of technologies, centrifugal spinning was employed to produce ultrafine fibers and nanofibers. In order to improve the equipment and technology of centrifugal spinning and obtain finer fibers, it is important to model the polymer drawing of the centrifugal spinning.

Methods: The polymer drawing in the centrifugal spinning is modeled and simulated. The force balance equation and heat transfer balance equation are established after analyzing the motion and heat transfer of the polymer melts. These nonlinear equations are solved based on the least square method to obtain the radius of excircle and the shape of streamline. A fourth order Runge-Kutta method is utilized to obtain the diameter and temperature of the threadline because there are initial value problems of first order ordinary differential equations. Streamlines and diameter of polymer melts at different viscoelasticities and different spinning temperatures are obtained. The simulation results are compared with the measured results to verify the polymer drawing model.

Results: The viscoelastic force in the centrifugal spinning changes constantly at a fixed rotation speed of the rotating spinneret. As the spinneret is rotating, the radius of excircle R1 increases slowly when the time passes, which means the viscoelastic force decreases slowly. The change of the viscoelastic force accelerates the increase of the radius vector. The simulation results show that the threadline diameter under the condition of changing viscoelastic forces is smaller than that under the condition of fixed visoelastic forces. The temperature of the polymer melts decreases faster under the condition of changing viscoelastic forces than that under the condition of fixed visoelastic forces. The threadline diameter decreases with the increase of the rotation speed. Higher initial polymer temperatures yield smaller fiber diameters.

Conclusion: The polymer drawing in the centrifugal spinning is modeled and simulated. The simulation results tally with the measured results confirming the effectiveness of the polymer drawing model. The simulation results show that the change of the viscoelastic force is favorable to the polymer drawing and both larger rotation speeds and higher initial polymer temperatures can produce finer fibers, which lays a good foundation for the computer-assisted design of the centrifugal spinning.

Keywords: Centrifugal spinning, fiber diameter, model, nanofiber, polymer drawing, simulation.

He JH, Kong HY, Yang RR, et al. Review on fiber morphology obtained by bubble electrospinning and blown bubble spinning. Therm Sci 2012; 16(5): 1263-79.
Kong HY, He JH. A modified bubble electrospinning for fabrication of Nanofibers. J Nano Res 2013; 23: 125-8.
Dou H, Zuo BQ, He JH. Blown bubble-spinning for fabrication of superfine fibers. Therm Sci 2012; 16(5): 1465-6.
Nayak R, Padhye R, Kyratzis IL, et al. Recent advances in nanofibre fabrication techniques. Text Res J 2011; 82(2): 129-47.
Sarkar K, Gomez C, Zambrano S, et al. Electrospinning to Forcespinning™. Mater Today 2010; 13(11): 12-4.
Padron S, Fuentes A, Caruntu D, Lozano K. Experimental study of nanofiber production through forcespinning. J Appl Phys 2013; 113(2): 409-14.
Lozano K, Sarkar K. uperfine fiber creating spinneret and uses thereof US Patent 8231378. 2012.
Lozano K, Sarkar K. Superfine fiber creating spinneret and uses thereof US Patent 8721319. 2014.
Huang T, Armantrout JE, Harding TW, et al. Process for laying fibrous webs from a centrifugal spinning process US Patent 9970128. 2018.
Wang Z. Centrifugal forming principle of fibers. Fiber Glass 1978; 7(6): 12-23.
Wu L. College physics. Beijing, China: Higher Education Press 2003.
Chen T, Huang X. Modeling polymer air drawing in the melt blowing nonwoven process. Text Res J 2003; 73(7): 651-4.
Uyttendaele MAJ, Shambaugh RL. Melt blowing: General equation development and experimental verification. AIChE J 1990; 36(2): 175-86.
Zieiminski KF, Spruiell JE. Mathematical model of crystalline fiber-forming polymers. Synthet Fibers 1986; 15(4): 32-40.
Li M, Bai B. Study on the rheological properties of polypropylene by using a melt indexer. J Zhengzhou Inst Light Ind 1995; 10(2): 53-7.
Jin R, Ma X. Polymer rheology. Shanghai, China: East China University of Science and Technology Press 2012; pp. 212-3.
Muke S, Nkao II, Bhattacharya SN. The melt extensibility of polypropylene. Polym Int 2010; 50(5): 515-23.
Liang J. Elongation rheology of polymer fluids. Guangzhou, China: South China University of Technology Press 2015; pp. 97-8.
Li X, Liu P. Study on extensional flow behavior of PP melt. China Plast Ind 2007; 35(3): 45-7.
Zhao Z. The equipment development of the horizontal disc centrifugal spinning system and the study of the Applications 2011.
Yu D-N, Tian D, He J-H. Snail-based nanofibers. Mater Lett 2018; 220: 5-7.
Tian D, Li XX, He JH. Self-assembly of macromolecules in a long and narrow tube. Therm Sci 2018; 22(4): 1659-64.
Tian D, Zhou CJ, He JH. Strength of bubble walls and the Hall-Petch effect in bubble-spinning. Text Res J 2018; 89(7): 1340-4.
Liu P, He JH. Geometrical potential: An explanation on of nanofibers wettability. Therm Sci 2018; 22(1A): 33-8.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2020
Page: [21 - 26]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1872210513666190801110145
Price: $65

Article Metrics

PDF: 14
PRC: 2