Biomechanical Forces and Atherosclerosis: From Mechanism to Diagnosis and Treatment

Author(s): Vadim V. Genkel*, Alla S. Kuznetcova, Igor I. Shaposhnik

Journal Name: Current Cardiology Reviews

Volume 16 , Issue 3 , 2020


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

The article provides an overview of current views on the role of biomechanical forces in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The importance of biomechanical forces in maintaining vascular homeostasis is considered. We provide descriptions of mechanosensing and mechanotransduction. The roles of wall shear stress and circumferential wall stress in the initiation, progression and destabilization of atherosclerotic plaque are described. The data on the possibilities of assessing biomechanical factors in clinical practice and the clinical significance of this approach are presented. The article concludes with a discussion on current therapeutic approaches based on the modulation of biomechanical forces.

Keywords: Atherosclerosis, wall shear stress, peripheral artery disease, circumferential wall stress, mechanosensing, plaque progression.

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VOLUME: 16
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Year: 2020
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DOI: 10.2174/1573403X15666190730095153
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