Background: In recent years, several reviews have addressed the effectiveness of dance therapy
in dementia, healthy older adults, or the elderly in general. However, reviews regarding the effect of
this therapy exclusively on patients diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease have not been found.
Objective: The purpose of this study is to review the available literature describing clinical trials which
explore the effects of dancing on psychological and physical outcomes, functionality, cognitive function,
and quality of life in patients diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. In addition, this review aims to assess
the quality of studies that perform dance therapy interventions in these patients.
Methods: This study is a systematic review of randomized and non-randomized clinical trials regarding
the effect of intervention including a dancing activity in people diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease.
Results: In total, the evidence for this review rests on 12 studies with a total of 349 participants. The
findings of this mini-review confirm the positive effect of dance therapy on physical and cognitive function,
functionality, psychological outcomes, and quality of life in people with Alzheimer's disease.
Conclusion: Most of the studies implementing dance as part of the therapeutic treatment has shown to
improve or slow the worsening in the quality of life of patients with Alzheimer's disease and their caregivers.
Future research focused on these patients should use a more exhaustive methodology and make a
more detailed description of these kind of interventions.