The medicinal plants have enormous commercial potential throughout the globe.
In the herbal boom worldwide, it is estimated that high quality phyto-medicinals will provide
safe and effective medication. In India, Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani etc. consist of large number
of herbal remedies, being used from ancient times. Many plant species containing active
constituents that have a direct pharmacological action on the body. This plant Sage (Salvia
officinalis Linn) is historically well known from the early 1960s till now by its therapeutic
and culinary applications due to its high economic value. The plant is reported to contain alkaloids,
triterpenoid, steroids, Phenolic compounds and essential oils. Sage plant is a rich
source of antioxidant properties, for this reason sage has found increasing application in food
industry. The core purpose of this review is to emphasize the origin, morphology, Phytochemistry
and pharmacological aspects of Sage (Salvia officinalis Linn).
Keywords: Tejpaat, sage, terpenoids, flavonoids, essential oils, antimicrobial, anticancer, flavoring agent.
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