Is there a Relationship Between Vitamin D and Endometriosis? An Overview of the Literature

Author(s): Pierluigi Giampaolino, Luigi D. Corte*, Virginia Foreste, Giuseppe Bifulco

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 25 , Issue 22 , 2019


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Abstract:

Background: Vitamin D is involved in the physiological functions of several tissues, however, its deficiency may contribute to the development of various disorders. Recent research has been focusing on the role of vitamin D in the pathogenesis of endometriosis based on the evidence of the presence of vitamin D receptor and the enzymes required for vitamin D synthesis in the ectopic endometrium. Endometriosis, defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma in ectopic locations, is considered an estrogen-dependent disease and Vitamin D seems to have a role in modulation of the inflammatory state and proliferation of endometriotic cells.

Objective: This study aimed to review the available literature regarding the relationship between vitamin D and endometriosis as well as the effects of vitamin D supplementation.

Methods: A search on PubMed database has been performed.

Results: The relationship between endometriosis and Vitamin D has been analyzed through the evaluation of vitamin D serum level, the polymorphism of vitamin D receptor and the role of vitamin D-binding protein in patient with endometriosis. The possible role of Vitamin D in the endometriosis therapy has also been investigated, in particular, the effect of vitamin D on pain relief, on endometriotic lesion in vitro and in rat models and in addition to a future target immunotherapy.

Conclusion: Although promising, the data analyzed are not sufficient to evidence a cause-effect relationship between VD status and endometriosis, therefore further studies are needed in order to better clarify the association between vitamin D and endometriosis, especially in the context of the possibility of new treatment options.

Keywords: Vitamin D, vitamin D binding protein, vitamin D receptor, vitamin D supplementation, female fertility, endometriosis.

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VOLUME: 25
ISSUE: 22
Year: 2019
Published on: 26 September, 2019
Page: [2421 - 2427]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666190722095401
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