Background: Recently, herbal medicine has received much attention in the literature.
Several essential oils or plant extracts have been found to have anti-Acanthamoeba properties
against trophozoites and cysts of Acanthamoeba spp.
Objective: The aim of this systematic review is to introduce anti-Acanthamoeba properties of
some essential oils or plant extracts; perhaps the results of this research will be used to prevent
and treat infectious diseases.
Methods: All published papers in English and Persian databases were systematically searched for
some specific keywords to find articles that have influenced plant compounds on Acanthamoeba
up to April 2018. Articles related to the subject were selected and studied.
Results: A total of 51 articles including 136 experiments (128 in vitro and 8 in vivo) between
1999 and 2018, met our eligibility criteria. Totally, 110 species of plants belonging to 34 families,
mainly Lamiaceae (15 plant species) and Asteraceae (13 plant species) were studied against trophozoites
and cysts of Acanthamoba in in vitro and in vivo. Most of the plant's species were Citrus
(6 species), Allium (5 species), Peucedanum, Piper, Lippia, and Olive (4 species). The most frequently
used parts were leaves, aerial parts, flowers, bark, rhizomes, and seeds.
Conclusions: Recent studies have shown that many natural compounds have high anti-parasitic
properties and low toxicity. Our research team hopes that the information provided in present systematic
review can improve new experimental and clinical trials and herbal combination therapy.
Further studies are needed to understand the molecular mechanisms in the anti-amoebic reactions
of plant species and ocular toxicity of extracts in animal models.