Determination of Pyridostigmine Bromide in Presence of its Related Impurities by Four Modified Classical Least Square Based Models: A Comparative Study

Author(s): Ibrahim A. Naguib, Fatma F. Abdallah*, Aml A. Emam, Eglal A. Abdelaleem

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Analysis

Volume 17 , Issue 1 , 2021

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Graphical Abstract:


Introduction: Novel manipulations of the well-known classical least squares multivariate calibration model were explained in detail as a comparative analytical study in this research work. In addition to the application of plain classical least squares model, two preprocessing steps were tried, where prior to modeling with classical least squares, first derivatization and orthogonal projection to latent structures were applied to produce two novel manipulations of the classical least square-based model. Moreover, spectral residual augmented classical least squares model is included in the present comparative study.

Quantitative determination of pyridostigmine bromide in the presence of its two related substances; impurity A and impurity B was considered as a case study to construct the comparison.

Method: 3 factor 4 level design was implemented constructing a training set of 16 mixtures with different concentrations of the studied components. To investigate the predictive ability of the studied models; a test set consisting of 9 mixtures was constructed.

Results: The key performance indicator of this comparative study was the root mean square error of prediction for the independent test set mixtures, where it was found 1.367 when classical least squares applied with no preprocessing method, 1.352 when first derivative data was implemented, 0.2100 when orthogonal projection to latent structures preprocessing method was applied and 0.2747 when spectral residual augmented classical least squares was performed.

Conclusion: Coupling of classical least squares model with orthogonal projection to latent structures preprocessing method produced significant improvement of the predictive ability of it.

Keywords: First derivative, Orthogonal projection to latent structures, Classical least squre, Spectral residual augmented classical least squares, Pyridostigmine bromide.

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Article Details

Year: 2021
Published on: 23 November, 2020
Page: [87 - 94]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573412915666190715094347
Price: $65

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