Perspective and Potential of A2A and A3 Adenosine Receptors as Therapeutic Targets for the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Author(s): Yogendra Pal, Nabamita Bandyopadhyay, Rashmi S. Pal, Sarfaraz Ahmed, Shantanu Bandopadhyay*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 25 , Issue 26 , 2019


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Abstract:

Adenosine is a purine nucleoside which is an effective controller of inflammation. The inflammatory effect of adenosine is expressed via its four receptor subtypes viz. A1, A2A, A2B and A3. The various inflammatory conditions including rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are initiated by adenosine receptors of which A2A and A3 play a vital role. RA primarily is an auto-immune disorder which is manifested as chronic inflammation in the synovial lining of joints. In order to develop an effective treatment, the role of cytokines, IL–1, TNF-α and IL–6 is crucial. Besides, the knowledge of PI3K-PKB/Akt and NF-kB signaling pathway is also important to understand the antiinflammatory targets. Methotrexate along with various other molecules like, NSAIDs and DMARDs are presently used as treatment lines for controlling RA. The enhanced knowledge of the preclinical stages and pathogenesis along with recent potent therapeutics raises the hopes that RA can be prevented in the near future.

Keywords: Inflammation, cytokines, TNF-α, cAMP, signaling pathway, GPCR.

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VOLUME: 25
ISSUE: 26
Year: 2019
Published on: 08 October, 2019
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DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666190710111658
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