Frontiers in Nuclear and Particle Physics

Frontiers in Nuclear and Particle Physics

Volume: 2

Progress of Time-Dependent Nuclear Reaction Theory

This book is a compilation of the latest theoretical methods for treating models in nuclear reactions. Initial chapters in this volume explain different aspects of time-dependent nuclear density ...
[view complete introduction]

US $
30

*(Excluding Mailing and Handling)



Cluster states in stable and unstable nuclei

Pp. 210-232 (23)

M. Kimura

Abstract

In this contribution, I will discuss two topics related to the clustering of atomic nuclei. The first is dual character of the ground state. Recently, it was pointed out that the ground states of atomic nuclei have dual character of shell and cluster implying that both of the single-particle excitation and cluster excitation occur as the fundamental excitation modes. The isoscalar monopole and dipole transitions are regarded as the triggers to induce the cluster excitation. By referring the Hartree-Fock and antisymmetrized molecular dynamics calculations, the dual character and those transitions are explained. The second is the linear-chain state of 16C in which the linearly aligned 3α particles are sustained by the valence neutrons. The rather convincing evidences for this exotic state are very recently reported by several experiments. Here, I introduce a couple of theoretical analysis and predictions.

Keywords:

Clustering of atomic nuclei, Unstable nuclei

Affiliation:

Department of Physics, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan.