A Recommendation Approach Using Forwarding Graph to Analyze Mapping Algorithms for Virtual Network Functions

Author(s): Lyes Bouali, Selma Khebbache, Samia Bouzefrane*, Mehammed Daoui

Journal Name: Recent Advances in Computer Science and Communications
Formerly Recent Patents on Computer Science

Volume 13 , Issue 6 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) is a paradigm shift in the way network operators deploy and manage their services. The basic idea behind this new technology is the separation of network functions from the traditional dedicated hardware by implementing them as a software that is able to run on top of general-purpose hardware. Thus, the resulting pieces of software are called Virtual Network Functions (VNFs). NFV is expected, on one hand, to lead to increased deployment flexibility and agility of network services and, on the other hand, to reduce operating and capital expenditures. One of the major challenges in NFV adoption is the NFV Infrastructure's Resource Allocation (NFVI-RA) for the requested VNF-Forwarding Graph (VNF-FG). This problem is named VNF-forwarding graph mapping problem and is known to be an NP-hard problem.

Objective: To address the VNF-FG mapping problem, the objective is to design a solution that uses a meta-heuristic method to minimize the mapping cost.

Methods: To cope with this NP-Hard problem, this paper proposes an algorithm based on Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedure (GRASP), a cost-efficient meta-heuristic algorithm, in which the main objective is to minimize the mapping cost. Another method named MARA (Most Available Resource Algorithm) was devised with the objective of reducing the Substrate Network’s resources use at the bottleneck clusters.

Results: The Performance evaluation is conducted using real and random network topologies to confront the proposed version of GRASP with another heuristic, existing in the literature, based on the Viterbi algorithm. The results of these evaluations reveal the efficiency of the proposed GRASP ‘s version in terms of reducing the cost mapping and performs consistently well across all the evaluations and metrics.

Conclusion: The problem of VNF-FG mapping is formalized, and a solution based on GRASP meta- heuristic is proposed. Performance analysis based on simulations are given to show the behavior and efficiency of this solution.

Keywords: NFV, VNF, VNF-FG, SFC, GRASP, mapping optimization.

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Article Details

Year: 2020
Published on: 28 January, 2021
Page: [1325 - 1337]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/2213275912666190618114014
Price: $25

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