Background: Lithium Niobate (LiNbO3) is a ferroelectric material suitable for a variety of
applications. Its versatilityis made possible by the excellent electro-optic, nonlinear, and piezoelectric
properties of the intrinsic material.
Objective: Study of structural, microstructural and electrical propertiesare to understand the structure
and topography of the composites.
Methods: The sample of LiNbO3 was prepared by solid state reaction method at high temperature using
high purity ingredients.
Results: The analysis of the X-ray diffraction at room temperature confirmed the trigonal structure.
The grains are more or less homogeneously distributed throughout the surface. The dielectric constant
and dielectric loss are decreases with increase in frequency. The material has high dielectric constant
and low dielectric loss at room temperature. The magnitude of real impedance decreases with rise in
temperature which shows negative temperature coefficient of resistance behavior.The nature of the
conductivity in solids is analyzed which obeyed Jonscher’s power law. The temperature-dependence
of dc conductivity indicates that the electrical conduction in the material is a thermally activated process.
Conclusion: The compound exhibits a dielectric anomaly at high temperature suggesting
ferroelectric–paraelectric phase transition. The activation energy of the material is found to be 0.00184
eV in the high temperature region of Arrhenius plot for electrical conductivity. The nature of
temperature dependence of the dc conductivity exhibited the NTCR behaviour of the material.