PAn/Cu Bismuthate Nanoflake Composites with Enhanced Electrochemical Performance for TA

Author(s): Z. Wang, H.J. Chen, F.F. Lin, L. Yan, Y. Zhang*, L.Z. Pei*, C.G. Fan

Journal Name: Micro and Nanosystems

Volume 12 , Issue 1 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: Measuring tartaric acid in liquid food, such as fruits or fruit products is of great importance for assessing the quality of the food.

Objective: The aim of the research is to obtain polyaniline/Cu bismuthate nanoflake composites by an in-situ polymerization route for the electrochemical detection of tartaric acid.

Methods: Polyaniline/Cu bismuthate nanoflake composites were prepared by in-situ aniline polymerizing route in aqueous solution. The obtained products were characterized by X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution TEM (HRTEM), respectively. The electrochemical performance for tartaric acid detection has been investigated by cyclic voltammetry method using polyaniline/Cu bismuthate nanoflake composites modified glassy carbon electrode.

Results: The nanocomposites comprise of tetragonal CuBi2O4 phase. Polyaniline particles with the size of less than 100 nm attach to the surface of the nanoflakes. A pair of quasi-reversible cyclic voltammetry peaks are located at -0.01 V and +0.04 V, respectively at the 20wt.% polyaniline/Cu bismuthate nanoflake composites modified glassy carbon electrode. The limit of detection is 0.58 µM with the linear range of 0.001-2 mM. The linear range increases from 0.005-2 mM to 0.001-2 mM and limit of detection decreases from 2.3 µM to 0.43 µM with increasing the polyaniline content from 10wt.% to 40wt.%.

Conclusion: Comparing with the Cu bismuthate nanoflakes modified glassy carbon electrode, polyaniline/ Cu bismuthate nanoflake composites modified glassy carbon electrode shows enhanced electrochemical performance for tartaric acid detection.

Keywords: Polyaniline, Cu bismuthate nanoflakes, composites, electrochemical performance, tartaric acid, capillary electrophoresis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2020
Page: [48 - 57]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1876402911666190617111608

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