Background: Rubber or nano aluminum oxide composites may be considered as potential
materials in mechanical applications because of the adaptability of polymer properties of nanometric
substances. Rubber nano-composite is prepared by using the emulsion polymerization method. Mechanical
properties and environmental resistance properties are evaluated for a better rubber-filler interaction.
Purpose: In this examination, the Raman spectroscopy and the mechanical properties of nanocomposites
are based on Styrene-Butadiene rubber (SBR) and were explored within the sight of nano
aluminum oxide additive. The nano-composites were prepared by mechanically mixing and utilizing
two-roll mills. Nano aluminum oxide particle suspensions were added to SBR and the abrasion and
spectral properties were overviewed.
Materials and Methods: Nano aluminum oxide, 2, 2’- dithiobis, tetramethyl thiuram disulfide, N,
N’- Diphenyl P- phenylenediamine and SBR latex were used for analysis. SBR nano-composite was
obtained by using the emulsion polymerization method.
Results: Mechanical test outcomes demonstrated the improvement in tensile strength, elongation,
and tear resistance. Abrasion test results demonstrated that nano aluminum oxide particles could improve
the abrasion resistance of SBR matrix because of the good properties of nano aluminum oxide
particles. The strengthening capacity of the fillers resulted in noteworthy upgrades in the properties
of polymer framework at extremely low filler loadings when contrasted with conventional fillers. In
this work, we concentrate on Raman spectroscopy and mechanical properties by including filler content
within a low loading amount. The collection idea of the combined rubber nano-composite was
built up by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The impact of nanoparticles in the polymer
network has been assessed for the SBR-nano aluminum oxide from the TEM investigation. Thermogravimetric
analysis (TGA and DTA) was also examined. Ozone resistance was studied to elucidate
periodic observations of the surface of samples, which were made for crack initiation. The samples
were exposed for a longer time. Flame resistance was studied to measure the ease of extinction of a
flame and four ratings were possible, depending upon the burning time and the presence of flaming
Conclusion: The present study highlights the emulsion polymerization method, where the environmental
resistance performance of rubber nano-composites is found to be improved and the thermal
and mechanical properties are also enhanced.