Synthesis, In vitro α-Glucosidase Inhibitory Potential and Molecular Docking Studies of 2-Amino-1,3,4-Oxadiazole Derivatives

Author(s): Hayat Ullah, Fazal Rahim, Muhammad Taha*, Raffaqat Hussain, Abdul Wadood, Mohsan Nawaz, Zainul Wahab, Kanwal, Khalid M. Khan

Journal Name: Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 16 , Issue 6 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: In the recent past, we have synthesized and reported different derivatives of oxadiazoles as potential α-glucosidase inhibitors, keeping in mind, the pharmacological aspects of oxadiazole moiety and in continuation of our ongoing research on the chemistry and bioactivity of new heterocyclic compounds.

Methods: 1,3,4-Oxadiazole derivatives (1-14) have been synthesized and characterized by different spectroscopic techniques such as 1H-, 13C-NMR and HREI-MS.

Results: The synthetic derivatives were screened for α-glucosidase inhibitory potential. All compounds exhibited good inhibitory activity with IC50 values ranging between 0.80 ± 0.1 to 45.1 ± 1.7 μM in comparison with the standard acarbose having IC50 value 38.45 ± 0.80 μM.

Conclusion: Thirteen compounds 1-6 and 8-14 showed potential inhibitory activity as compared to the standard acarbose having IC50 value 38.45 ± 0.80 μM, however, only one compound 7 (IC50 = 45.1 ± 1.7 μM) was found to be less active. Compound 14 (IC50 = 0.80 ± 0.1 μM) showed promising inhibitory activity among all synthetic derivatives. Molecular docking studies were also conducted for the active compounds to understand the ligand-enzyme binding interactions.

Keywords: Synthesis, 1, 3, 4-oxadiazole, α-glucosidase, in viro, SAR, molecular docking study.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2020
Published on: 07 September, 2020
Page: [724 - 734]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1573406415666190612150447
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