PPARγ: Potential Therapeutic Target for Ailments Beyond Diabetes and its Natural Agonism

Author(s): Sana Shafi, Pawan Gupta, Gopal Lal Khatik, Jeena Gupta*

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

Volume 20 , Issue 12 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Intense research interests have been observed in establishing PPAR gamma as a therapeutic target for diabetes. However, PPARγ is also emerging as an important therapeutic target for varied disease states other than type 2 diabetes like neurodegenerative disorders, cancer, spinal cord injury, asthma, and cardiovascular problems. Furthermore, glitazones, the synthetic thiazolidinediones, also known as insulin sensitizers, are the largely studied PPARγ agonists and the only ones approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, they are loaded with side effects like fluid retention, obesity, hepatic failure, bone fractures, and cardiac failure; which restrict their clinical application. Medicinal plants used traditionally are the sources of bioactive compounds to be used for the development of successful drugs and many structurally diverse natural molecules are already established as PPARγ agonists. These natural partial agonists when compared to full agonist synthetic thiazolidinediones led to weaker PPARγ activation with lesser side effects but are not thoroughly investigated. Their thorough characterization and elucidation of mechanistic activity might prove beneficial for counteracting diseases by modulating PPARγ activity through dietary changes. We aim to review the therapeutic significance of PPARγ for ailments other than diabetes and highlight natural molecules with potential PPARγ agonistic activity.

Keywords: PPARγ agonists, natural products, therapeutic agents, metabolic syndrome, cancer.

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Year: 2019
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