Background: Griseofulvin - a mold metabolite produced by Penisilium griseofulvum is
known as an antifungal drug.
Objective: Thus, the goal of this paper is the design and synthesis of new griseofulvin derivatives and
evaluation of their antifungal activity.
Methods: Forty-two new compounds were synthesized using classical methods of organic synthesis and
evaluated for their antimicrobial activity by microdilution method.
Results: All forty-two new compounds exhibited very good activity against eight tested micromycetes
with MIC ranging from 0.0075-0.055 mg/ml and MFC from 0.02-024 mg/ml. All compounds exhibited
better activity than reference drugs ketoconazole (7-42 times) and bifonazole (3-16 fold). The most
promising was compound 15. The most sensitive fungal was found to be T. viride, while the most resistant,
as was expected, was A. fumigatus. It should be mentioned that most of compounds exhibited better
activity than griseofulvin.
The molecular docking studies revealed that the most active compound have the same hydrophobic and
H-bonding interactions with Thr276 residue observed for griseofulvin forming 3 hydrogen bonds while
griseofulvin only one. In general, the molecular docking results coincide with experimental.
Conclusion: Forty-two giseofulvin derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for antimicrobial
activity. These derivatives revealed good antifungal activity, better than reference drugs ketoconazole,
bifonazole, and griseofulvin as well.