In recent decades, scientific studies of chemical processes involving metabolites have been
steadily increasing, indicating that we are well into the metabolomics era. This has resulted in
numerous studies that explore the field of biomarkers. One of the medical areas most concerned with
these innovations is certainly that of childhood respiratory disorders, including asthma and cystic
fibrosis. This current study is a review of the literature about biomarkers used or studied in the field
of pediatric pulmonology, including asthma and cystic fibrosis.