Plant Growth Promoting and Stress Mitigating Abilities of Soil Born Microorganisms

Author(s): Shahid Ali*, Linan Xie

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture

Volume 11 , Issue 2 , 2020


Become EABM
Become Reviewer
Call for Editor

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Abiotic stresses affect the plant growth in different ways and at different developmental stages that reduce the crop yields. The increasing world population continually demands more crop yields; therefore it is important to use low-cost technologies against abiotic stresses to increase crop productivity. Soil microorganisms survive in the soil associated with plants in extreme condition. It was demonstrated that these beneficial microorganisms promote plant growth and development under various stresses. The soil microbes interact with the plant through rhizospheric or endophytic association and promote the plant growth through different processes such as nutrients mobilization, disease suppression, and hormone secretions. The microorganisms colonized in the rhizospheric region and imparted the abiotic stress tolerance by producing 1-aminocyclopropane-1- carboxylate (ACC) deaminase, antioxidant, and volatile compounds, inducing the accumulation of osmolytes, production of exopolysaccharide, upregulation or downregulation of stress genes, phytohormones and change the root morphology. A large number of these rhizosphere microorganisms are now patented. In the present review, an attempt was made to throw light on the mechanism of micro-organism that operates during abiotic stresses and promotes plant survival and productivity.

Keywords: Abiotic stress, soil microorganisms, rhizospheric, phytohormones, ACC deaminase, endophytic, osmolytes, exopolysaccharide.

[1]
Munns R, Tester M. Mechanisms of salinity tolerance. Annu Rev Plant Biol 2008; 59(59): 651-81.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.59.032607.092911] [PMID: 18444910]
[2]
Chaves MM, Oliveira MM. Mechanisms underlying plant resilience to water deficits: prospects for water-saving agriculture. J Exp Bot 2004; 55(407): 2365-84.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh269] [PMID: 15475377]
[3]
Khan N, Bano A. Role of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and Ag-nano particle in the bioremediation of heavy metals and maize growth under municipal wastewater irrigation. Int J Phytoremediat 2016; 18(3): 211-21.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2015.1064352] [PMID: 26507686]
[4]
Khan N, Bano A, Rahman MA, Rathinasabapathi B, Babar MA. UPLC-HRMS-based untargeted metabolic profiling reveals changes in chickpea (Cicer arietinum) metabolome following long-term drought stress. Plant Cell Environ 2019; 42(1): 115-32.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pce.13195] [PMID: 29532945]
[5]
Xu Z, Jiang Y, Jia B, Zhou G. Elevated-CO2 response of stomata and its dependence on environmental factors. Front Plant Sci 2016; 7: 657.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.00657]
[6]
Khan N, Ali S, Shahid MA, Kharabian-Masouleh A. Advances in detection of stress tolerance in plants through metabolomics approaches. Plant Omics 2017; 10(3): 153.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.21475/poj.10.03.17.pne600]
[7]
Zhang H, Sun Y, Xie X, Kim MS, Dowd SE, Paré PW. A soil bacterium regulates plant acquisition of iron via deficiency-inducible mechanisms. Plant J 2009; 58(4): 568-77.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2009.03803.x] [PMID: 19154225]
[8]
Khan N, Bano A. Modulation of phytoremediation and plant growth by the treatment with PGPR, Ag nanoparticle and untreated municipal wastewater. Int J Phytoremediation 2016; 18(12): 1258-69.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2016.1203287] [PMID: 27348506]
[9]
Bashan Y, Salazar BG, Moreno M, Lopez BR, Linderman RG. Restoration of eroded soil in the Sonoran Desert with native leguminous trees using plant growth-promoting microorganisms and limited amounts of compost and water. J Environ Manage 2012; 102: 26-36.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.12.032] [PMID: 22425876]
[10]
Baker D, Mocek U, Garr C. Natural products vs. combinatorial: a case study. Spec Publ R Soc Chem 2000; •••: 66-72.
[11]
Liu X, Zhang S, Jiang Q, et al. Using community analysis to explore bacterial indicators for disease suppression of tobacco bacterial wilt. Sci Rep 2016; 6: 36773.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep36773] [PMID: 27857159]
[12]
Fang S, Liu D, Tian Y, Deng S, Shang X. Tree species composition influences enzyme activities and microbial biomass in the rhizosphere: a rhizobox approach. PLoS One 2013; 8(4): e61461
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061461] [PMID: 23637838]
[13]
Mendes R, Garbeva P, Raaijmakers JM. The rhizosphere microbiome: significance of plant beneficial, plant pathogenic, and human pathogenic microorganisms. FEMS Microbiol Rev 2013; 37(5): 634-63.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1574-6976.12028] [PMID: 23790204]
[14]
Wang CJ, Yang W, Wang C, et al. Induction of drought tolerance in cucumber plants by a consortium of three plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium strains. PLoS One 2012; 7(12): 1-11.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052565] [PMID: 23285089]
[15]
Taghavi S, Garafola C, Monchy S, et al. Genome survey and characterization of endophytic bacteria exhibiting a beneficial effect on growth and development of poplar trees. Appl Environ Microbiol 2009; 75(3): 748-57.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02239-08] [PMID: 19060168]
[16]
Marasco R, Rolli E, Ettoumi B, et al. A drought resistance-promoting microbiome is selected by root system under desert farming. PLoS One 2012; 7(10): e48479
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048479] [PMID: 23119032]
[17]
Rashid S, Charles TC, Glick BR. Isolation and characterization of newplant growth-promoting bacterial endophytes. Appl Soil Ecol 2012; 61: 217-24.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2011.09.011]
[18]
Ali S, Charles TC, Glick BR. Delay of flower senescence by bacterial endophytes expressing 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase. J Appl Microbiol 2012; 113(5): 1139-44.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2012.05409.x] [PMID: 22816486]
[19]
Coutinho BG, Licastro D, Mendonça-Previato L, Cámara M, Venturi V. Plant-influenced gene expression in the rice endophyte Burkholderiakururiensis M130. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 2015; 28(1): 10-21.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-07-14-0225-R] [PMID: 25494355]
[20]
Afzal I, Shinwari ZK, Sikandar S, Shahzad S. Plant beneficial endophytic bacteria: Mechanisms, diversity, host range and genetic determinants. Microbiol Res 2019; 221: 36-49.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2019.02.001] [PMID: 30825940]
[21]
Ali S, Duan J, Charles TC, Glick BR. A bioinformatics approach to the determination of genes involved in endophytic behavior in Burkholderia spp. J Theor Biol 2014; 343: 193-8.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2013.10.007] [PMID: 24513137]
[22]
Pandya M, Rajput M, Rajkumar S. Exploring plant growth promoting potential of non rhizobial root nodules endophytes of Vigna radiata. Microbiology 2015; 84: 80-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0026261715010105]
[23]
Saini R, Dudeja SS, Giri R, Kumar V. Isolation, characterization, and evaluation of bacterial root and nodule endophytes from chickpea cultivated in Northern India. J Basic Microbiol 2015; 55(1): 74-81.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jobm.201300173] [PMID: 25590871]
[24]
Mehmood A, Hussain A, Irshad M, Hamayun M, Iqbal A, Khan N. In vitro production of IAA by endophytic fungus Aspergillus awamori and its growth promoting activities in Zea mays. Symbiosis 2018; •••: 1-1.
[25]
Glick BR. Plant growth-promoting bacteria: mechanisms and applications. Scientifica 2012; 2012: 963401
[http://dx.doi.org/10.6064/2012/963401] [PMID: 24278762]
[26]
Glick BR. The enhancement of plant growth by free-living bacteria. Can J Microbiol 1995; 41: 109-17.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/m95-015]
[27]
Gamalero E, Berta G, Massa N, Glick BR, Lingua G. Interactions between Pseudomonas putida UW4 and Gigaspora rosea BEG9 and their consequences for the growth of cucumber under salt-stress conditions. J Appl Microbiol 2010; 108(1): 236-45.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2009.04414.x] [PMID: 19566717]
[28]
Balloi A, Rolli E, Marasco R, et al. The role of microorganisms in bioremediation and phytoremediation of polluted and stressed soils. Agrochimica 2010; 54: 353-69.
[29]
Glick BR. Beneficial Plant-Bacterial Interactions. Heidelberg: Springer 2015.
[30]
Weyens N, Taghavi S, Barac T, et al. Bacteria associated with oak and ash on a TCE-contaminated site: characterization of isolates with potential to avoid evapotranspiration of TCE. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2009; 16(7): 830-843 . a
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-009-0154-0] [PMID: 19401827]
[31]
Weyens N, van der Lelie D, Taghavi S, Vangronsveld J. Phytoremediation: plant-endophyte partnerships take the challenge. Curr Opin Biotechnol 2009; 20(2): 248-54.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2009.02.012] [PMID: 19327979]
[32]
Germaine K, Keogh E, Garcia-Cabellos G, et al. Colonisation of poplar trees by gfp expressing bacterial endophytes. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 2004; 48(1): 109-18.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.femsec.2003.12.009] [PMID: 19712436]
[33]
Ma Y, Oliveira RS, Nai F, et al. The hyperaccumulator Sedum plumbizincicola harbors metal-resistant endophytic bacteria that improve its phytoextraction capacity in multi-metal contaminated soil. J Environ Manage 2015; 156: 62-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.03.024] [PMID: 25796039]
[34]
Ullah A, Heng S, Munis MFH, Fahad S, Yang X. Phytoremediation of heavy metals assisted by plant growth promoting (PGP) bacteria: a review. Environ Exp Bot 2015; 117: 28-40.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2015.05.001]
[35]
Bulgarelli D, Rott M, Schlaeppi K, et al. Revealing structure and assembly cues for Arabidopsis root-inhabiting bacterial microbiota. Nature 2012; 488(7409): 91-5.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11336] [PMID: 22859207]
[36]
Kong Z, Mohamad OA, Deng Z, Liu X, Glick BR, Wei G. Rhizobial symbiosis effect on the growth, metal uptake, and antioxidant responses of Medicago lupulina under copper stress. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2015; 22(16): 12479-89.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-4530-7] [PMID: 25903186]
[37]
Balal RM, Shahid MA, Javaid MM, et al. Chitosan alleviates phytotoxicity caused by boron through augmented polyamine metabolism and antioxidant activities and reduced boron concentration in Cucumis sativus L. Acta Physiol Plant 2017; 39(1): 31.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11738-016-2335-z]
[38]
Kandel SL, Joubert PM, Doty SL. Bacterial endophyte colonization and distribution within plants. Microorganisms 2017; 5(4): 77.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms5040077] [PMID: 29186821]
[39]
Shidore T, Dinse T, Öhrlein J, Becker A, Reinhold-Hurek B. Transcriptomic analysis of responses to exudates reveal genes required for rhizosphere competence of the endophyte Azoarcus sp. strain BH72. Environ Microbiol 2012; 14(10): 2775-87.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2012.02777.x] [PMID: 22616609]
[40]
Kumari S, Vaishnav A, Jain S, Varma A, Choudhary DK. Bacterial-mediated induction of systemic tolerance to salinity with expression of stress alleviating enzymes in soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill). J Plant Growth Regul 2015; 34: 558-73.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00344-015-9490-0]
[41]
Yang J, Kloepper JW, Ryu CM. Rhizosphere bacteria help plants tolerate abiotic stress. Trends Plant Sci 2009; 14(1): 1-4.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2008.10.004] [PMID: 19056309]
[42]
Kasim WA, Osman ME, Omar MN, Abd El-Daim IA, Bejai S, Meijer J. Control of drought stress in wheat using plant growth promoting bacteria. J Plant Growth Regul 2013; 32: 122-30.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00344-012-9283-7]
[43]
Hsiao A. Effect of water deficit on morphological and physiological characterizes in Rice (Oryza sativa). J Agric 2000; 3: 93-7.
[44]
Samarah NH. Effects of drought stress on growth and yield of barley. Agron Sustain Dev 2005; 25: 145-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/agro:2004064]
[45]
Kamara AY, Menkir A, Badu-Apraku B, Ibikunle O. The influence of drought stress on growth, yield and yield components of selected maize genotypes. J Agric Sci 2003; 141: 43-50.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021859603003423]
[46]
Lafitte HR, Yongsheng G, Yan S, Li ZK. Whole plant responses, key processes, and adaptation to drought stress: the case of rice. J Exp Bot 2007; 58(2): 169-75.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erl101] [PMID: 16997901]
[47]
Jaleel CA, Manivannan P, Wahid A, et al. Drought stress in plants: a review on morphological characteristics and pigments composition. Int J Agric Biol 2009; 11: 100-5.
[48]
Liang B, Gao T, Zhao Q, et al. Effects of exogenous dopamine on the uptake, transport, and resorption of apple ionome under moderate drought. Front Plant Sci 2018; 9: 755.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00755] [PMID: 29922323]
[49]
Selvakumar G, Panneerselvam P, Ganeshamurthy AN. Bacterial mediated alleviation of abiotic stress in crops Bacteria in Agrobiology: Stress Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag 2012; pp. 205-24.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-45795-5_10]
[50]
Siddiqi EH, Ashraf M, Hussain M, Jamil A. Assessment of intercultivar variation for salt tolerance in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) using gas exchange characteristics as selection criteria. Pak J Bot 2009; 41: 2251-9.
[51]
Sgherri CLM, Maffei M, Navari-Izzo F. Antioxidative enzymes in wheat subjected to increasing water deficit and rewatering. J Plant Physiol 2000; 157: 273-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(00)80048-6]
[52]
Nair AS, Abraham TK, Jaya DS. Studies on the changes in lipid peroxidation and antioxidants in drought stress induced cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) varieties. J Environ Biol 2008; 29(5): 689-91.
[PMID: 19295066]
[53]
Astorga GI, Melendez LA. Salinity effects on protein content lipid peroxidation, pigments and proline in Paulownia imperialis and Paulowina fortune grown in vitro. Electron J Biotechnol 2010; 13: 115.
[54]
Rahdari P, Hoseini SM, Tavakoli S. The studying effect of drought stress on germination, proline, sugar, lipid, protein and chlorophyll content in Purslane (Portulaca oleraceae L.) leaves. J Med Plants Res 2012; 6: 1539-47.
[55]
Anjum S, Xie X, Wang L, Saleem M, Man C, Lei W. Morphological, physiological and biochemical responses of plants to drought stress. J Afr Agric Res 2011; 6: 2026-32.
[56]
Hendry GA. Oxygen free radical process and seed longevity. Seed Sci J 2005; 3: 141-7.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0960258500001720]
[57]
Caravaca F, Alguacil MM, Hern’ıandez JA, Rolda’ın A. Involvement of antioxidant enzyme and nitrate reductase activities during water stress and recovery of mycorrhizal Myrtus communis and Phillyrea angustifolia plants. Plant Sci 2005; 169: 191-7.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2005.03.013]
[58]
Choluj D, Karwowska R, Jasinska M, Haber G. Growth and dry matter partitioning in sugar beet plants (Beta vulgaris L.) under moderate drought. J Plant Soil Environ 2004; 50: 265-72.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.17221/4031-PSE]
[59]
Kaushal M, Wani SP. Plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria: drought stress alleviators to ameliorate crop production in drylands. Ann Microbiol 2016; 66: 35-42.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13213-015-1112-3]
[60]
Habibi H, Khosravi-Darani K. Effective variables on production and structure of xanthan gum and its food applications: a review. Biocatal Agric Biotechnol 2017; 10: 130-40.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bcab.2017.02.013]
[61]
Timmusk S, Nevo E. Plant root associated biofilms Bacteria in Agrobiology Plant Nutrient Management, 3. Berlin: Springer Verlag 2011; pp. 285-300.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-21061-7_12]
[62]
van Loon LC, Bakker PA, Pieterse CM. Systemic resistance induced by rhizosphere bacteria. Annu Rev Phytopathol 1998; 36: 453-83.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.phyto.36.1.453] [PMID: 15012509]
[63]
Dimkpa C, Weinand T, Asch F. Plant-rhizobacteria interactions alleviate abiotic stress conditions. Plant Cell Environ 2009; 32(12): 1682-94.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.02028.x] [PMID: 19671096]
[64]
Figueiredo DD, Batista RA, Roszak PJ, Hennig L, Köhler C. Auxin production in the endosperm drives seed coat development in Arabidopsis. Life 2016; 5: e20542
[http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.20542] [PMID: 27848912]
[65]
Egamberdieva D. The role of phytohormone producing bacteria in alleviating salt stress in crop plants. Biotechnological Techniques of Stress Tolerance in Plants. USA. Stadium Press LLC 2013; 21-39.
[66]
Teale WD, Paponov IA, Palme K. Auxin in action: signalling, transport and the control of plant growth and development. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 2006; 7(11): 847-59.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrm2020] [PMID: 16990790]
[67]
Spaepen S, Vanderleyden J, Remans R. Indole-3-acetic acid in microbial and microorganism-plant signaling. FEMS Microbiol Rev 2007; 31(4): 425-48.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6976.2007.00072.x] [PMID: 17509086]
[68]
Mantelin S, Touraine B. Plant growth-promoting bacteria and nitrate availability: impacts on root development and nitrate uptake. J Exp Bot 2004; 55(394): 27-34.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh010] [PMID: 14623902]
[69]
Cassán F, Bottini R, Schneider G, Piccoli P. Azospirillum brasilense and Azospirillum lipoferum hydrolyze conjugates of GA20 and metabolize the resultant aglycones to GA1 in seedlings of rice dwarf mutants. Plant Physiol 2001; 125(4): 2053-8.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.125.4.2053] [PMID: 11299384]
[70]
Khan N, Bano A, Shahid MA, Nasim W, Babar MA. Interaction between PGPR and PGR for water conservation and plant growth attributes under drought condition. Biologia 2018; 1: 1-6.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11756-018-0127-1]
[71]
Creus CM, Graziano M, Casanovas EM, et al. Nitric oxide is involved in the Azospirillum brasilense-induced lateral root formation in tomato. Planta 2005; 221(2): 297-303.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-005-1523-7] [PMID: 15824907]
[72]
Molina-Favero C, Creus CM, Simontacchi M, Puntarulo S, Lamattina L. Aerobic nitric oxide production by Azospirillum brasilense Sp245 and its influence on root architecture in tomato. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 2008; 21(7): 1001-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-21-7-1001] [PMID: 18533840]
[73]
German MA, Burdman S, Okon Y, Kigel J. Effects of Azospirillum brasilense on root morphology of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under different water regimes. Biol Fertil Soils 2000; 32: 259-64.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003740000245]
[74]
Creus CM, Sueldo RJ, Barassi CA. Water relations and yield in Azospirillum-inoculated wheat exposed to drought in the field. Can J Bot 2004; 82: 273-81.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/b03-119]
[75]
Arzanesh MH, Alikhani HA, Khavazi K, Rahimian HA, Miransari M. Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) growth enhancement by Azospirillum sp. Under drought stress. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 2011; 27: 197-205.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11274-010-0444-1]
[76]
Khan N, Bano A, Babar MA. The root growth of wheat plants, the water conservation and fertility status of sandy soils influenced by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. Symbiosis 2017; 72(3): 195-205.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13199-016-0457-0]
[77]
Armada E, Roldán A, Azcon R. Differential activity of autochthonous bacteria in controlling drought stress in native Lavandula and Salvia plants species under drought conditions in natural arid soil. Microb Ecol 2014; 67(2): 410-20.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00248-013-0326-9] [PMID: 24337805]
[78]
Kang SM, Radhakrishnan R, Khan AL, et al. Gibberellin secreting rhizobacterium, Pseudomonas putida H-2-3 modulates the hormonal and stress physiology of soybean to improve the plant growth under saline and drought conditions. Plant Physiol Biochem 2014; 84: 115-24.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2014.09.001] [PMID: 25270162]
[79]
Pieterse CM, Van der Does D, Zamioudis C, Leon-Reyes A, Van Wees SC. Hormonal modulation of plant immunity. Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 2012; 28: 489-521.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-cellbio-092910-154055] [PMID: 22559264]
[80]
Cohen AC, Bottini R, Piccoli PN. Azosprillium brasilense Sp 245 produces ABA in chemically defined culture medium and increases ABA content in Arabidopsis plants. Plant Growth Regul 2008; 54: 97-103.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10725-007-9232-9]
[81]
Bresson J, Varoquaux F, Bontpart T, Touraine B, Vile D. The PGPR strain Phyllobacterium brassicacearum STM196 induces a reproductive delay and physiological changes that result in improved drought tolerance in Arabidopsis. New Phytol 2013; 200(2): 558-69.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.12383] [PMID: 23822616]
[82]
Khan N, Bano A, Rahman MA, Guo J, Kang Z, Babar MA. Comparative physiological and metabolic analysis reveals a complex mechanism involved in drought tolerance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) induced by PGPR and PGRs. Sci Rep 2019; 9(1) Article ID 2097
[83]
Wang Z, Gerstein M, Snyder M. RNA-Seq: a revolutionary tool for transcriptomics. Nat Rev Genet 2009; 10(1): 57-63.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrg2484] [PMID: 19015660]
[84]
Trewavas A. A brief history of systems biology: every object that biology studies is a system of systems. Francois Jacob (1974). Plant Cell 2006; 18(10): 2420-30.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.106.042267] [PMID: 17088606]
[85]
Yuwono T, Handayani D, Soedarsono J. The role of osmotoler antrhizobacteria in rice growth under different drought conditions. Aust J Agric Res 2005; 56: 715-21.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AR04082]
[86]
Kandasamy S, Loganathan K, Muthuraj R, et al. Understanding the molecular basis of plant growth promotional effect of Pseudomonas fluorescens on rice through protein profiling. Proteome Sci 2009; 7: 47.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1477-5956-7-47] [PMID: 20034395]
[87]
Sunkar R, Bartels D, Kirch HH. Overexpression of a stress-inducible aldehyde dehydrogenase gene from Arabidopsis thaliana in transgenic plants improves stress tolerance. Plant J 2003; 35(4): 452-64.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-313X.2003.01819.x] [PMID: 12904208]
[88]
Lee YH, Tokraks S, Pratley RE, Bogardus C, Permana PA. Identification of differentially expressed genes in skeletal muscle of non-diabetic insulin-resistant and insulin-sensitive Pima Indians by differential display PCR. Diabetologia 2003; 46(11): 1567-75.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00125-003-1226-1] [PMID: 14576983]
[89]
Parveen A, Liu W, Hussain S, Asghar J, Perveen S, Xiong Y. Silicon priming regulates morpho-physiological growth and oxidative metabolism in maize under drought stress. Plants (Basel) 2019; 8(10): 431.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/plants8100431] [PMID: 31635179]
[90]
Cho SM, Kang BR, Han SH, et al. 2R,3R-butanediol, a bacterial volatile produced by Pseudomonas chlororaphis O6, is involved in induction of systemic tolerance to drought in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 2008; 21(8): 1067-75.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-21-8-1067] [PMID: 18616403]
[91]
Vargas L, Santa Brigida AB, Mota Filho JP, et al. Drought tolerance conferred to sugarcane by association with gluconaceto bacter diazotrophicus: a transcriptomic view of hormone pathways. PLoS One 2014; 9(12): e114744
[92]
Acosta-Motos J, Ortuño M, Bernal-Vicente A, Diaz-Vivancos P, Sanchez-Blanco M, Hernandez J. Plant responses to salt stress: adaptive mechanisms. Agronomy (Basel) 2017; 7: 18.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/agronomy7010018]
[93]
Yaish MW. Proline accumulation is a general response to abiotic stress in the date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.). Genet Mol Res 2015; 14(3): 9943-50.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/2015.August.19.30] [PMID: 26345930]
[94]
Jha B, Gontia I, Hartmann A. The roots of the halophyte Salicornia brachiata are a source of new halotolerant diazotrophic bacteria with plant growth-promoting potential. Plant Soil 2012; 356: 265-77.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-011-0877-9]
[95]
Vurukonda SSKP, Vardharajula S, Shrivastava M. SkZ A. Enhancement of drought stress tolerance in crops by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. Microbiol Res 2016; 184: 13-24.
[96]
Szymańska S, Piernik A, Hrynkiewicz K. Metabolic potential of microorganisms associated with the halophyte Aster tripolium L. in saline soils. Ecol Quest 2013; 18: 9-19.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/ecoq-2013-0001]
[97]
Yaish MW, Antony I, Glick BR. Isolation and characterization of endophytic plant growth-promoting bacteria from date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) and their potential role in salinity tolerance. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 2015; 107(6): 1519-32.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10482-015-0445-z] [PMID: 25860542]
[98]
Yaish MW, Kumar PP. Salt tolerance research in date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.), past, present, and future perspectives. Front Plant Sci 2015; 6: 348.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.00348] [PMID: 26042137]
[99]
Moradi A, Tahmourespour A, Hoodaji M, Khorsandi F. Effect of salinity on free living-diazotroph and total bacterial populations of two saline soils. Afr J Microbiol Res 2011; 5: 144-8.
[100]
Ali S, Charles TC, Glick BR. A melioration of high salinity stress damage by plant growth-promoting bacterial endophytes that contain ACC deaminase. Plant Physiol Biochem 2014; 80: 160-7.
[101]
Ryan RP, Germaine K, Franks A, Ryan DJ, Dowling DN. Bacterial endophytes: recent developments and applications. FEMS Microbiol Lett 2008; 278(1): 1-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.2007.00918.x] [PMID: 18034833]
[102]
Gamalero E, Glick BR. Mechanisms used by plant growth-promoting bacteria Bacteria in Agrobiology: Plant Nutrient Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag 2011; pp. 17-46.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-21061-7_2]
[103]
Siddikee MA, Glick BR, Chauhan PS. Yim Wj, Sa T. Enhancement of growth and salt tolerance of red pepper seedlings (Capsicum annuum L.) by regulating stress ethylene synthesis with halotolerant bacteria containing 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid deaminase activity. Plant Physiol Biochem 2011; 49(4): 427-34.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2011.01.015] [PMID: 21300550]
[104]
Al-Lawati A, Al-Bahry S, Victor R, Al-Lawati A, Yaish M. Salt stress alters DNA methylation levels in alfalfa (Medicago spp). Genet Mol Res 2016; 5: 1.
[105]
Postnikova OA, Shao J, Nemchinov LG. Analysis of the alfalfa root transcriptome in response to salinity stress. Plant Cell Physiol 2013; 54(7): 1041-55.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pct056] [PMID: 23592587]
[106]
Sandhya V, Ali SKZ, Minakshi G, Reddy G, Venkateswarlu B. Alleviation of drought stress effects in sunflower seedlings by the exopolysaccharides producing Pseudomonas putida strain GAP-P45. Biol Fertil Soils 2009; 46: 17-26.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00374-009-0401-z]
[107]
Naseem H, Ahsan M, Shahid MA, Khan N. Exopolysaccharides producing rhizobacteria and their role in plant growth and drought tolerance. J Basic Microbiol 2018; 58(12): 1009-22.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jobm.201800309] [PMID: 30183106]
[108]
Chen M, Wei H, Cao J, Liu R, Wang Y, Zheng C. Expression of Bacillus subtilis proBA genes and reduction of feedback inhibition of proline synthesis increases proline production and confers osmotolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis. J Biochem Mol Biol 2007; 40(3): 396-403.
[PMID: 17562291]
[109]
Nautiyal CS, Srivastava S, Chauhan PS, Seem K, Mishra A, Sopory SK. Plant growth-promoting bacteria Bacillus amyloliquefaciens NBRISN13 modulates gene expression profile of leaf and rhizosphere community in rice during salt stress. Plant Physiol Biochem 2013; 66: 1-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2013.01.020]
[110]
Qurashi AW, Sabri AN. Bacterial exopolysaccharide and biofilm formation stimulate chickpea growth and soil aggregation under salt stress. Braz J Microbiol 2012; 43(3): 1183-91.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822012000300046] [PMID: 24031943]
[111]
Yang A, Akhtar SS, Iqbal S, et al. Enhancing salt tolerance in quinoa by halotolerant bacterial inoculation. Funct Plant Biol 2016; 43(7): 632-42.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP15265] [PMID: 32480492]
[112]
Islam F, Yasmeen T, Ali Q, et al. Influence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa as PGPR on oxidative stress tolerance in wheat under Zn stress. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2014; 104: 285-93.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2014.03.008]
[113]
Plociniczak T, Sinkkonen A, Romantschuk M, Piotrowska-seget Z. Characterization of Enterobacter intermedius MH8b and its use for the enhancement of heavy metal uptake by Sinapsis alba L. Appl Soil Ecol 2013; 63: 1-7.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2012.09.009]
[114]
Adediran GA, Ngwenya BT, Mosselmans JFW, Heal KV. Bacteria-zinc co-localization implicates enhanced synthesis of cysteine-rich peptides in zinc detoxification when Brassica juncea is inoculated with Rhizobium leguminosarum. New Phytol 2016; 209(1): 280-93.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.13588] [PMID: 26263508]
[115]
Mathew DC, Ho YN, Gicana RG, Mathew GM, Chien MC, Huang CC. A rhizosphere-associated symbiont, Photobacterium spp. strain MELD1, and its targeted synergistic activity for phytoprotection against mercury. PLoS One 2015; 10(3): e0121178
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121178] [PMID: 25816328]
[116]
Porcel R, Ruiz-Lozano JM. Arbuscular mycorrhizal influence on leaf water potential, solute accumulation and oxidative stress in soybean plants subjected to drought stress. J Exp Bot 2004; 55: 1743-50.
[117]
Al-Garni SMS. Increasing NaCl-salt tolerance of a halophytic plant Phragmites australis by mycorrhizal symbiosis. Am-Eurasian J Agric Environ Sci 2006; 1: 119-26.
[118]
Ait Barka E, Nowak J, Clément C. Enhancement of chilling resistance of inoculated grapevine plantlets with a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium, Burkholderia phytofirmans strain PsJN. Appl Environ Microbiol 2006; 72(11): 7246-52.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01047-06] [PMID: 16980419]
[119]
Vaishnav A, Kumari S, Jain S, Varma A, Tuteja N, Choudhary DK. PGPR-mediated expression of salt tolerance gene in soybean through volatiles under sodium nitroprusside. J Basic Microbiol 2016; 56(11): 1274-88.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jobm.201600188] [PMID: 27439917]
[120]
Arkhipova TN, Prinsen E, Veselov SU, Martinenko EV, Melentiev AI, Kudoyarova GR. Cytokinin producing bacteria enhance plant growth in drying soil. Plant Soil 2007; 292: 305-15.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-007-9233-5]
[121]
Sannazzaro AI, Ruiz OA, Alberto EO, Menéndez AB. Alleviation of salt stress in Lotus glaber by Glomus intraradices. Plant Soil 2006; 285: 279-87.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-006-9015-5]
[122]
Lim JH, Kim SD. Induction of drought stress resistance by multi-functional PGPR Bacillus licheniformis K11 in pepper. Plant Pathol J 2013; 29(2): 201-8.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.SI.02.2013.0021] [PMID: 25288947]
[123]
Khan N, Bano A, Zandi P. Effects of exogenously applied plant growth regulators in combination with PGPR on the physiology and root growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) and their role in drought tolerance. J Plant Interact 2018; 13(1): 239-47.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17429145.2018.1471527]
[124]
Cho SM, Kang BR, Kim YC, Ang Y, Ong C, Heol K. Transcriptome analysis of induced systemic drought tolerance elicited by Pseudomonas chlororaphis O6 in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Pathol J 2013; 29(2): 209-20.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.SI.07.2012.0103] [PMID: 25288948]
[125]
Naveed M, Mitter B, Reichenauer TG, Wieczorek K, Sessitsch A. Increased drought stress resilience of maize through endophytic colonization by Burkholderia phytofirmans PsJN and Enterobacter sp FD17. Environ Exp Bot 2014; 97: 30-9. b
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2013.09.014]
[126]
Tallon R, Bressollier P, Urdaci MC. Isolation and characterization of two exopolysaccharides produced by Lactobacillus plantarum EP56. Res Microbiol 2003; 154(10): 705-12.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resmic.2003.09.006] [PMID: 14643409]


open access plus

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2020
Published on: 15 May, 2019
Page: [96 - 104]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/2212798410666190515115548

Article Metrics

PDF: 43