Role of Dietary Gluten in Development of Celiac Disease and Type I Diabetes: Management Beyond Gluten-Free Diet

Author(s): Jinli Pei, Shuangshuang Wei, Yechun Pei, Hao Wu, Dayong Wang*

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 27 , Issue 21 , 2020


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Abstract:

Gluten triggers Celiac Disease (CD) and type I diabetes in genetically predisposed population of human leukocyte antigen DQ2/DQ8+ and associates with disorders such as schizophrenia and autism. Application of a strict gluten-free diet is the only well-established treatment for patients with CD, whereas the treatment for patients with celiac type I diabetes may be depend on the timing and frequency of the diet. The application of a gluten-free diet in patients with CD may contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and may also lead to a high glycemic index, low fiber diet and micronutrient deficiencies. The alteration of copper bioavailability (deficient, excess or aberrant coordination) may contribute to the onset and progress of related pathologies. Therefore, nutrient intake of patients on a gluten-free diet should be the focus of future researches. Other gluten-based therapies have been rising with interest such as enzymatic pretreatment of gluten, oral enzyme supplements to digest dietary gluten, gluten removal by breeding wheat varieties with reduced or deleted gluten toxicity, the development of polymeric binders to suppress gluten induced pathology.

Keywords: Dietary gluten, celiac disease, Type I diabetes, gluten-free diet, nutrient intake, copper homeostasis, gluten-based therapies.

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VOLUME: 27
ISSUE: 21
Year: 2020
Published on: 15 June, 2020
Page: [3555 - 3576]
Pages: 22
DOI: 10.2174/0929867326666190409120716
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