The Growing Epidemic of Diabetes Mellitus

Author(s): Dragan Lovic*, Alexia Piperidou, Ioanna Zografou, Haralambos Grassos, Andreas Pittaras, Athanasios Manolis.

Journal Name: Current Vascular Pharmacology

Volume 18 , Issue 2 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: During the past decades, the prevalence of diabetes (DM) has increased significantly, mainly as a result of continuous rise in the incidence of type 2 DM. According to World Health Organization statistics, >422 million adults globally were suffering from DM in 2014 and a continuous rise in DM prevalence is expected.

Objective: The present review considers recent epidemiological data providing worldwide estimates regarding the incidence of DM.

Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify available data from epidemiological studies evaluating the current burden of DM.

Results: Over the past few decades the prevalence of DM has risen significantly in nearly all countries and may be considered as a growing epidemic. Urbanization and income status are major factors which influence current rates in the prevalence studies introducing interesting differences between several population groups.

Conclusion: Having recognized the global burden of DM, we now realize the urgent need for effective interventions. In order to monitor the public-health strategies and design effective future interventions we need reliable global estimates regarding the prevalence of DM.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting glycaemia, prevalence, incidence, epidemiology.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2020
Page: [104 - 109]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1570161117666190405165911
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