Biomarkers for the Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease
Pp. 67-82 (16)
Francisco J. Barrero Hernandez
Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s disease starts several years before clinical
manifestations are present; they make it possible to establish the clinical diagnosis of
the disease. In this continuum of neurodegeneration there are still unknown factors to
solve, although much progress has been made in identifying neuropathological,
biochemical and genetic signs that help to diagnose the disease in the early stages (mild
cognitive impairment) in order to start earlier an effective treatment.
There are several biomarkers proposed for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease such as
neuroimaging with measurement of brain atrophy; also those related to glucose tracers,
beta-amyloid and tau protein in (PET) Positron Emission Tomography; and in recent
years, cerebrospinal fluid with the determination of beta-amyloid, tau, p-Tau and other
proteins is being studied.
Alzheimer´s Disease, β Amyloid, Biomarkers, Dementia,
Cerebrospinal Fluid, Neuroimaging, PET, RMI, Tau.
Service of Neurology, “San Cecilio” Hospital. University of Granada, Granada, Spain.