Drug Discovery of Acetophenone Derivatives as BRD4 Inhibitors

Author(s): Zhimin Zhang, Wenhai Huang, Xiaoliang Zheng, Chuansheng Li, Zhengrong Shen*

Journal Name: Letters in Drug Design & Discovery

Volume 17 , Issue 3 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: The bromodomain and extra-terminal proteins (BET), in particular BRD4, has recently emerged as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of many human disorders such as cancer, inflammation, obesity and cardiovascular disease, which draw more and more attention to discover potent BRD4 inhibitors in the past years. In this article, we described the discovery process of an entirely new chemotype of BRD4 inhibitors.

Methods: A fragment-based drug discovery strategy was employed in attempting to find a novel chemotype of BRD4 inhibitors. Thus, the potential hits were firstly identified by docking study with KAc binding pocket and AlphaScreen assay. Then the elected hit was further structurally optimized based on the interaction revealed by the docking study and the Structure-Activity Relationship (SAR).

Results: A 1-(2-hydroxyphenyl)ethan-1-one fragment was first identified as an efficient hit to BRD4 with a weak inhibition activity and high ligand efficiency (IC50 = 8.9 μM, LE > 0.5) based on virtual screening and biochemical assay. Then, two-rounds optimization of the hit by a fragmentbased drug discovery approach enabled the discovery of a potent BRD4 inhibitor 9, which exhibit nanomolar potency in biochemical assays (IC50 = 0.18 μM).

Conclusion: The title compounds displayed potent inhibitory activity to BRD4, implying acetophenone core is an effective KAc residue mimic, suggesting acetophenone derivatives as a new chemotype may be promising for developing novel BRD4 inhibitors.

Keywords: Fragment-based drug discovery, rational drug design, BRD4 bromodomain, synthesis, acetophenone derivatives, epigenetic.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Page: [323 - 329]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1570180816666190329223559
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