Background: Due to inappropriate diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, regular use of
drugs like NSAIDs and sedentary lifestyle, one may feel upper abdominal pain which may be the
predictor of the gastrointestinal disorder called Peptic Ulcer. When an imbalance occurs between
the defensive factor and aggressive factor of the stomach, ulcer formation in the esophageal lining,
stomach, or duodenum takes place. This leads to the formation of small sores that cause pain. Another
condition that synergizes the abdominal pain is vomiting materials which look like coffee
grounds, blood in the stool, black or tarry stools. This pain may increase after lunch or dinner. This
problem persists, that often leads to the gastroenterologist's consultation.
Objective: There are many antiulcer screening models present for the determination of antiulcer
activity of the drug molecule. The main objective of this study is to find which model is best for the
determination of antiulcer activity.
Methods: A literature search was conducted on the databases namely Science direct and PubMed
with the help of different keywords such as "Anti-ulcer", "In-vitro models" and "In-vivo models".
The search was customized by applying the appropriate filters so as to get the most relevant articles
to meet the objective of this review article.
Result: There are different research and review papers based on the antiulcer screening models for
the determination of antiulcer activity of new drug molecules.
Conclusion: On the basis of our study, we found some useful models for the antiulcer activity of
drugs and suggested that, if we use in-vitro and in-vivo methods together, then we may obtain the
most relevant result in our research area.