Performance Analysis of Sensor-based and Sensorless Methods for PMSM Drive

Author(s): Shweta Singh*, A.N. Tiwari, Sri N. Singh

Journal Name: Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Formerly Recent Patents on Electrical & Electronic Engineering

Volume 13 , Issue 3 , 2020

Become EABM
Become Reviewer
Call for Editor

Graphical Abstract:


Objective: Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) drives require speed/position information for the efficient performance of industrial applications.

Methods: A sensor-based method utilizes sensors for extracting this information which increases weight, size, and cost of the drive system, whereas the sensorless method utilizes model-based estimators which depend on motor parameters. Thus, the performance degrades due to the parameter variations. Model Reference Adaptive System (MRAS), a robust estimation technique has been implemented for speed/position estimation.

Conclusion: In this paper, sensor-based and sensorless methods have been studied and the performance has been compared in four operating environments of speed and torque values. The comparative results of both methods have been shown in the MATLAB/Simulink environment.

Keywords: Permanent magnet synchronous motor, vector control, speed/position estimator model, reference adaptive control, Vector Field Oriented Control (VFOC), Fuzzy Logic Control (FLC).

P. Pillay, and R. Krishnan, "Modelling, simulation and analysis permanent magnet motor drives, part-I: The permanent magnet synchronous motor drive", IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 265-275, 1989.
S. Singh, and A.N. Tiwari, "Analysis and simulation of vector controlled PMSM drive using SVPWM inverter", In: 2nd International Conference for Convergence in Technology (I2CT), Mumbai, India, pp. 709-714. 2017
Y. Li, and Z. Hao, Sensorless control of permanent magnet synchronous motor – A surveyIEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), Harbin, China, 2018.
M. Pacas, "Sensorless drives in industrial applications", IEEE Ind. Electron. Mag., vol. 5, pp. 16-23, 2011.
S. Bolognani, L. Tubiana, and M. Zigliotto, "Extended Kalman filter tuning in sensorless PMSM drives", IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 1741-1747, 2003.
K. Zhou, and D. Wang, "Relationship between space-vector modulation and three phase carry based PWM: A comprehensive analysis", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 186-196, 2002.
M.S. Rafaq, F. Mwasilu, J. Kim, H.H. Choi, and J-W. Jung, "Online parameter identification for model-base sensorless control of interior permanent magnet synchronous machine", IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 32, no. 6, 2017.
K. Gupta, and A.M. Khambadkone, "A space vector PWM scheme for multilevel inverters based on two-level space vector PWM", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 1631-1639, 2006.
K. Zhou, and D. Wang, "Relationship between space-vector modulation and three-phase carrier-based PWM: A comprehensive analysis", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 186-196, 2002.
W. Wenjie, Z. Min, and W. Qinghai, "Application of reduced-order extended Kalman Filter in permanent magnet synchronous motor sensorless regulating system", In: International Conference on Digital Manufacturing and Automation (ICDMA), Changsha, China, Vol. 1., 2010, pp. 271-274.
J-S. Jang, B-G. Park, T-S. Kim, D.M. Lee, and D-S. Hyun, "Parallel reduced-order extended Kalman Filter for PMSM sensorless drives", In: 34th Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics, 2008, Orlando, FL, USA, 2008, pp. 1326-1331.
R. Dhaouadi, N. Mohan, and L. Norum, "Design and implementation of an extended Kalman filter for the state estimation of a permanent magnet synchronous motor", IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 491-497, 1991.
H. Kim, J. Son, and J. Lee, "A high-speed sliding-mode observer for the sensorless speed control of a PMSM", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 58, no. 9, pp. 4069-4077, 2011.
Z. Qiao, T. Shi, Y. Wang, Y. Yan, C. Xia, and X. He, "New sliding-mode observer for position sensorless control of permanent-magnet synchronous motor", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 710-719, 2013.
A.B. Kulkarni, and M. Ehsani, "A novel position sensor elimination technique for the interior permanent-magnet synchronous motor drive", IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 144-150, 1992.
S. Singh, and A.N. Tiwari, "Various techniques of sensorless speed control of PMSM: A review", In: Second International Conference on Electrical, Computer and Communication Technologies (ICECCT), Coimbatore, India, 2017, pp. 1-6.
H. Mehta, V. Joshi, U. Thakar, M. Kuber, and P. Kurulkar, "Speed control of PMSM with hall sensors using DSP TMS320F2812", In: IEEE 11th International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, Sydney, NSW, Australia, 2015, pp. 295-300.
P. Dai, L. Yan, N. Xu, and H. Xie, "Speed sensorless control of electrically excited synchronous motor based on the reduced-order state observer flux observation", In: 11th Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA), Hefei, China, 2016.
A. Accetta, M. Cirrincione, M. Pucci, and G. Vitale, "Sensorless control of PMSM fractional horsepower drives by signal injection and neural adaptive-band filtering", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 1355-1366, 2012.
R. Leidhold, "Position sensorless control of PM synchronous motors based on zero-sequence carrier injection", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 58, no. 12, pp. 5371-5379, 2011.
A. Adam, and K. Gulez, "Fast response adaptive fuzzy logic controller for sensorless direct torque control of PMSM with minimum torque ripple", COMPEL Int. J. Comput. Math. Electr. Electron. Eng., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 534-550, 2008.
T.D. Batzel, and K.Y. Lee, ""A diagonally recurrent neural network approach to sensorless operation of the permanent magnet synchronous motor"", IEEE Power Eng. Soc. Summer Meeting, 2000, vol. 4, 2000, pp. 2441-2445, .
S. Dhundhara, P. Kumar, and Y.P. Verma, "Sensorless speed control of PMSM using space vector pulse width modulation based on MRAS method", In: 2nd Int. Conf. Recent Adv. Eng. Comput. Sci., Chandigarh, India, 2015, pp. 1-6.
O. Benjak, and D. Gerling, "Review of position estimation methods for IPMSM drives without a position sensor part II: Adaptive methods", In: The XIX International Conference on Electrical Machines - ICEM 2010, Rome, Italy, 2010.
L. Saihi, and A. Butera, "Robust sensorless sliding mode control of PMSM with MRAS and luenberger extended observer", In: 8th International Conference on Modelling, Identification and Control (ICMIC2016), Algiers, Algeria, 2016, pp. 174-179.
"Member, and Salih Baris Ozturk, “Sensorless PMSM drive based on stator feed forward voltage estimation improved with MRAS multiparameter estimation", IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron., vol. 23, no. 3, 2018.
Z.Y. Qu, and Z.M. Ye, "Simulation studies on model reference adaptive controller for permanent magnet synchronous motor drive", Adv. Mat. Res., vol. 268-270, pp. 509-512, 2011.
Y. Zhao, W. Qiao, and L. Wu, "Improved rotor position and speed estimators for sensorless control of Interior permanent-magnet synchronous machines", IEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Top. Power Electron., 2013.
F. Dezza, G. Foglia, M. Iacchetti, and R. Perini, "An MRAS observer for sensorless DFIM drives with direct estimation of the torque and flux rotor current components", IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 2576-2584, 2012.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2020
Published on: 17 May, 2020
Page: [304 - 315]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/2352096512666190311162605
Price: $25

Article Metrics

PDF: 8