Does the Acupoint Specificity Exist? Evidence from Functional Neuroimaging Studies

Author(s): Ke Qiu, Tao Yin, Xiaojuan Hong, Ruirui Sun, Zhaoxuan He, Xiaoyan Liu, Peihong Ma, Jie Yang, Lei Lan, Zhengjie Li, Chenjian Tang, Shirui Cheng, Fanrong Liang*, Fang Zeng*

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging
Formerly: Current Medical Imaging Reviews

Volume 16 , Issue 6 , 2020


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Using functional neuroimaging techniques to explore the central mechanism of acupoint specificity, the key of acupuncture theory and clinical practice, has attracted increasing attention worldwide. This review aimed to investigate the current status of functional neuroimaging studies on acupoint specificity and explore the potential influencing factors for the expression of acupoint specificity in neuroimaging studies.

Methods: PubMed database was searched from January 1st, 1995 to December 31st, 2016 with the language restriction in English. Data including basic information, methodology and study results were extracted and analyzed from the eligible records.

Results: Seventy-nine studies were finally enrolled. 65.8% of studies were performed in China, 73.4% of studies were conducted with healthy subjects, 77.2% of studies chose manual acupuncture as the intervention, 86.1% of studies focused on the instant efficacy and 89.9% of studies used functional magnetic resonance imaging as scanning technique. The average sample size was 16 per group. The comparison of verum acupoints and sham acupoints were the main body of acupoint specificity researches. 93.7% of studies obtained the positive results and favored the existence of acupoint specificity.

Conclusion: This review affirmed the existence of acupoint specificity and deemed that the acupoint specificity was relative. Multiple factors such as participants, sample size, acupoint combinations, treatment courses, and types of acupoint could influence the expression of acupoint specificity.

Keywords: Acupuncture, acupoint specificity, neuroimaging, fMRI, nonacupoints, functional neuroimaging.

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VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2020
Published on: 27 July, 2020
Page: [629 - 638]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1573405615666190220113111
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