Sequential Injection Chromatography with Monolithic Column for Phenothiazines Assay in Human Urine and Pharmaceutical Formulations

Author(s): Abubakr M. Idris*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Analysis

Volume 16 , Issue 7 , 2020


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Sequential injection chromatography (SIC) with monolithic column has been proposed with potential benefits for separation and quantification.

Objective: To utilize SIC to develop a new assay method for the separation and quantification of some phenothiazines (promethazine, chlorpromazine and perphenazine) in human urine and synthetic pharmaceutical formulations.

Methods: The 32 full-factorial design was adopted to study the effect of mobile phase composition on separation efficiency, retention time, peak height and baseline. The separation was conducted on a C18 monolithic column (100 × 4.6 mm) using a mobile phase composition of phosphate: acetonitrile:methanol (60:28:12) at pH 4.0. The detection was carried out using a miniaturized fiber optic spectrometer at 250 nm.

Results: Satisfactory analytical features, including number of theoretical plates (1809-6232), peak symmetry (1.0-1.3), recovery (95.5-99.1% in pharmaceutical formulations and 91.6-94.7% in urine), intra-day precision (0.36-1.60% for pharmaceutical formulation and 2.96-3.67 for urine), inter-day precision (1.47-2.28% for pharmaceutical formulation), limits of detection (0.23-0.88 μg/ml) and limits of quantification (0.77-2.90 μg/ml), were obtained.

Conclusion: The remarkable advantages of the proposed SIC method are the inexpensiveness in terms of instrumentation and reagent consumption.

Keywords: Sequential injection chromatography, bioanalysis, pharmaceutical analysis, phenothiazines, monolithic column, human urine.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2020
Published on: 16 August, 2020
Page: [967 - 975]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1573412915666190219143750
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