Design & Real-time Implementation of MIDO Converter Based PV Water Pumping System with BES

Author(s): Anuradha Tomar*

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Engineering

Volume 14 , Issue 2 , 2020

Become EABM
Become Reviewer
Call for Editor

Graphical Abstract:


Background: Despite so many developments, most of the farmers in the rural areas are still dependent on rainwater, rivers or water wells, for irrigation, drinking water etc. The main reason behind such dependency is non-connectivity with the National grid and thus unavailability of electricity. To extract the maximum power from solar photovoltaic (SPV) based system, implementation of Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) is mandatory. PV power is intermittent in nature. Variation in the irradiation level due to partial shading or mismatching phenomena leads to the development of modular DC-DC converters.

Methods: A stand-alone Multi-Input Dual-Output (MIDO) DC-DC converter based SPV system, is installed at a farm; surrounded with plants for water pumping with stable flow (not pulsating) along with battery energy storage (BES) for lighting. The proposed work has two main objectives; first to maximize the available PV power under shadowing and mismatching condition in case of series/ parallel connected PV modules and second is to improve the utilization of available PV energy with dual loads connected to it. Implementation of proposed MIDO converter along with BES addresses these objectives. First, MIDO controller ensures the MPPT operation of the SPV system to extract maximum power even under partial shading condition and second, controls the power supplied to the motor-pump system and BES. The proposed system is simulated in MATLAB/ SIMULINK environment. Real-time experimental readings under natural sun irradiance through hardware set-up are also taken under dynamic field conditions to validate the performance.

Results and Conclusion: The inherent advantage of individual MPPT of each PV source in MIDO configuration, under varying shadow patterns due to surrounding plants and trees is added to common DC bus and therefore provides a better impact on PV power extraction as compared to conventional PV based water pumping system. Multi-outputs at different supply voltages is another flag of MIDO system. Both these aspects are implemented and working successfully at 92.75% efficiency.

Keywords: Battery energy storage, BLDC motor, Multi-input Dual-output DC-DC converter, partial shading, stand-alone PV system, water pumping.

A. Bayod-Rujula , J .Cebollero-Abian . A novel MPPT method for PV systems with irradiance measurement. Solar Energy vol. 109 pp. 95-104, 2014.
K. Yadav , S. Sastry , R. Wandhare , N. Sheth , M. Kumar , B. Bora . Rashmi Singh, Renu, and A. Kumar, "Performance comparison of controllers for solar PV water pumping applications". Solar Energy vol. 119, pp. 195-202, 2015.
S.N. Deshkar , S.B. Dhale , J.S. Mukherjee , T.S. Babu . N. and Rajasekar, "Solar PV array reconfiguration under partial shading conditions for maximum power extraction using genetic algorithm". Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev vol. 43, pp. 102-110, 2015.
J. Qi , Y. Zhang , and Y. Chen . "Modeling and maximum power point tracking (MPPT) method for PV array under partial shade conditions". Renewable Energy vol. 66, pp. 337-345, 2014.
M. Forcan , Z. Ðurisic , and J. Mikulovic . "An algorithm for elimination of partial shading effect based on a theory of reference PV string". Solar Energy vol. 132, pp. 51-63, 2016.
R.K. Kharb , S.L. Shimi , S. Chatterji , and M.F. Ansari . "Modeling of solar PV module and maximum power point tracking using ANFIS". Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev vol. 33, pp. 602-612, 2014.
P. Mohanty , G. Bhuvaneswari , R. Balasubramanian , and N.K. Dhaliwal . "MATLAB based modeling to study the performance of different MPPT techniques used for solar PV system under various operating conditions". Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev vol. 38 pp. 581-593, 2014.
M.A. Abido , M.S. Khalid . "Solar powered water pumping system with photovoltaic system that tracks a maximum power point" US Patent Application- US20170070054A1
T. Cowan . "Solar powered pumping system" US Grant- US5569998A
C. Lin , D. Jingang , W. Anbang , X. W.F. Liang , S. Xiaojun , and X. Mingyou . "Photovoltaic water pump system" CN Grant-CN202707398U
Y. Hu , W. Cao , J. Finney , W. Xiao , F. Zhang , and S.F. McLoone . "New modular structure DC–DC converter without electrolytic capacitors for renewable energy applications" In IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1184-1192, Oct. 2014.
S. Li , A. Attou , C. Yang , and D. Geng . "A maximum power point tracking control strategy with variable weather parameters for photovoltaic systems with DC bus". Renewable Energy vol. 74, pp. 478-488, 2015.
Y. Hu , W. Cao , B. Ji , J. Si , and X. Chen . "New multi-stage DC-DC converters for grid-connected photovoltaic systems". Renewable Energy , vol. 74, pp. 247-254, 2015.
Q.T. Nha , H.J. Chiu , Y.K. Lo , and P.P. Hieu . "High voltage-gain interleaved boost DC-DC converter discarded electrolytic capacitor" In 2014 International Power Electronics Conference (IPECHiroshima 2014 - ECCE ASIA), Hiroshima, 2014, pp. 3913-3919.
F. Nejabatkhah , S. Danyali , S.H. Hosseini , M. Sabahi , and S.M. Niapour . "Modeling and control of a new three-input DC–DC boost converter for hybrid PV/FC/battery power system". In. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics vol. 27, no. 5, May 2012, pp. 2309-2324.
S. Danyali , S.H. Hosseini , and G.B. Gharehpetian . "new extendable single-stage multi-input DC–DC/AC boost converter". IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics Vol. 29, No. 2, February 2014, pp. 775-788.
Yen-Mo Chen , Alex Q. Huang , and Xunwei Yu . "A High Step-Up Three-Port DC–DC Converter for Stand-Alone PV/Battery Power Systems". IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 5049-5062, Nov. 2013.
P.R. Shiyas , S. Kumaravel , and S. Ashok . "Fuzzy controlled dual input DC/DC converter for solar-PV/wind hybrid energy system" In 2012 IEEE Students Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science Bhopal, 2012, pp. 1-5.
M. Dubey , S. Sharma , and R. Saxena . "Solar PV stand-alone water pumping system employing PMSM drive" In 2014 IEEE Students' Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science (SCEECS) 1-2 March 2014.
S. Sashidhar , and B.G. Fernandes . "A low-cost semi-modular dual-stack PM BLDC motor for a PV based bore-well submersible pump" In 2014 International Conference on Electrical Machines (ICEM) Berlin, 2014, pp. 24-30.
R. Kumar , B. Singh . "Solar PV array fed water pumping system using SEPIC converter based BLDC motor drive" In. 2014 Eighteenth National Power Systems Conference (NPSC) Guwahati, 2014, pp. 1-5.
B. Singh , A.K. Mishra , and R. Kumar . "Solar powered water pumping system employing switched reluctance motor drive". IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 3949-3957, Sept.-Oct. 2016.
H. Zheng , S. Li , R. Challoo , J. Proano . "Shading and bypass diode impacts to energy extraction of PV arrays under different converter configurations". Renewable Energy vol. 68, pp. 58-66, 2014.
P. Patra . a. Patra, and n. Misra, "A single-inductor multiple-output switcher with simultaneous buck, boost, and inverted outputs". IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 1936-1951, 2012.
A. Nami F. Zare A. Ghosh F. Blaabjerg "Multi-output DC–DC converters based on diode-clamped converters configuration: topology and control strategy". IET Power Electronics vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 197-208, March 2010.
Hongfei Wu , Kai. Sun , Shun. Ding , and Yan Xing . "Topology derivation of nonisolated three-port DC–DC converters from DIC and DOC". IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 3297-3307, July 2013.
J. Zhao , H.H.C Iu , T. Fernando , L. An , and D.D.C. Lu . "Design of a Non-Isolated Single-Switch Three-Port DC-DC Converter for Standalone PV-Battery Power System" 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS) Lisbon, 2015, pp. 2493-2496.
A. Tomar , S. Mishra , and C.N. Bhende . "AOMH-MISO based PV-VCI irrigation system using ASCIM pump". IEEE Transaction on Industry Applications, vol. 54, pp. 4813-4824, 2018.
S. Mishra , D. Sharma . "Control of photovoltaic technology". InElectric Renewable Energy Systems. Academic Press Publications: 2016.
R. Elavarasu , C.C.A. Rajan . "Cuk converter based BLDC motor for water pumping system using solar energy source". Current Signal Transduction Therapy vol. 13, no. 1, 2018.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2020
Published on: 29 October, 2020
Page: [194 - 204]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1872212113666190211142625
Price: $25

Article Metrics

PDF: 8