Supplanting the Integrated Information Theory
Pp. 45-48 (4)
Paulo J. Negro
Natural selection does not start de novo with each new species; it uses the
information contained in organisms that have come earlier in evolutionary history.
Evolution is conservative. A self-generated consciousness can only emerge as the
product of information realized out of the exchanges between the organism and the
world. Cells provide the original platform that first organized this kind of integrated
information exchanges. They are not conscious, but their systems biology is a form of
knowledge. Cells are the original knowing without a knower. Human consciousness is
also abstract, and one cannot directly measure it. Its abstract nature is a description, not
a speculation. The IIT relies on the concept of effective information, which represents
the entropy of the actual repertoire of a system in relation to its potential repertoire.
This aspect of the theory agrees with the notion of information.expectation and renders
this blueprint consistent with the empirical support of the IIT. However, the IIT does
not address the role of the subject in the realization of information.expectation. The
realization of information is an active process. Neurobiology provides no evidence for
the production of information by unactivatable systems.
Action-Based Consciousness, Complex Emerging Systems,
Consciousness in Inactive Systems, Consciousness Detachment from the Subject,
Conservative Natural Selection, Evolutionary Origin of the Subject, Effective
Information Calculation, Empirical Support, Entropy, Information Single-Celled
Organisms, Information.Expectation, IIT Fallacy, Integrated Information,
Intelligent Design, Minimally Conscious Photodiode, Overlap with the IIT,
Realization of Relational Information, System Repertoire.
Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the George Washington School of Medicine and Health Sciences.