Expectations in a Strange Loop
Pp. 36-40 (5)
Paulo J. Negro
Complex systems that handle information follow a hierarchical order. The
realization of information in hierarchical systems occurs as feedback loops that break
the hierarchical order and generate self-referential information. The violation of
hierarchical order defines a paradoxical level-crossing strange loop. This pattern lies
at the origin of an “I”. It can be depicted as a mathematical phrase composed of
‘subject’predicate that undergoes a loop through which the predicate becomes its
own subject: ‘predicate’predicate. Processual information includes present and
potential information expressed as information.expectation that becomes realized
as the strange loop ‘information.expectation’information.expectation. In fact,
expectations drive this strange loop, which can thus be expressed as
‘expectation.information’expectation.information. Conscious experiences constitute
running models (expectations) that simulate reality. As multiple levels of strange loops
realize expectation.information across the hierarchical organization of the brain,
consciousness becomes a higher-level abstraction that supplants and integrates other
abstraction levels. Perception inversely maps or generates hidden causes from
sensations. Abstractions arise from seen and unseen actions of the organism, which
become the source of expectations across multiple levels of nested brain oscillations.
Actions provide the basis for this generative model of consciousness. Neural correlates
of consciousness do not necessarily explain the origin of consciousness but may simply
describe regions implicated in its realization.
Active Abstractions, Analogic Realization of Information, Brain
Rhythms, Complex Systems, Consciousness-Information, Expectation.Information,
Gödel’s Proof, Hierarchical Structure, Hofstadter Strange Loop,
Information.Expectation, Inverse Mapping, Level-Crossing, Neural Correlates of
Consciousness, Primitives, Potential States, Processual Information, Self-
Modeling, Self-Referential, Variable Q.
Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the George Washington School of Medicine and Health Sciences.