Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most prevalent metabolic diseases in
the UAE. During the last two decades, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has experienced tremendous
development in all fields including DM research. The present study sheds light on the growth in DM
research in UAE and represents a guide for DM researchers to create more focused future directions
in DM research.
Objectives: The main objective of the present study is to investigate and document the changes that
occurred in DM research in the UAE over the last two decades.
Methods: Several research databases were reviewed and all the articles that involved any form of DM
research within the UAE were selected. Inclusion criteria were: (i) Research studies related to DM
and conducted by institutions based in UAE (ii) Research studies related to DM and conducted in the
population of UAE and (iii) Research articles related to DM and the authors (principal investigators or
co-investigators) are from UAE.
Results: Between the years of 1996 and 2000, there was an average of 6.4 articles about DM being
published per year. This pattern changed dramatically between years 2011 to 2015 where an average
of 22.8 articles were being published. In addition, a significant increase was noticed in the year 2015
with 42 articles published per year. It was also found that 46.8% articles involved clinical study,
12.1% were basic research, 17.5% cross-sectional studies, 8.91% reviews, 8.2% were cohort and all
the other types of research represented about 5.58%.
Conclusion: Significant progress has been noticed in DM research in the UAE during the last two
decades. Based on the findings of the present study, more focus should be given to the case reports
and clinical trials.