Altered Expression Patterns of the Sumoylation Enzymes E1, E2 and E3 Are Associated with Glucose Oxidase- and UVA-Induced Cataractogenesis

Author(s): Qian Nie, Ling Wang, Xiaodong Gong, Jia-Wen Xiang, Yuan Xiao, Jie Xie, Lan Yang, Huimin Chen, Yuwen Gan, Zhigang Chen, David Wan-Cheng Li*

Journal Name: Current Molecular Medicine

Volume 18 , Issue 8 , 2018

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Purpose: Protein sumoylation is a well established regulatory mechanism that regulates chromatin structure and dynamics, cell proliferation and differentiation, stress response and cell apoptosis. In the vertebrate eye, we and others have shown that sumoylation plays an indispensable role in regulating eye development. During stress induction and aging process, the ocular tissues gradually loss their normality and develop major ocular diseases such as cataract and aging-related macular degeneration. We have recently demonstrated that sumoylation actively regulates differentiation of lens cells, whether this process is implicated in lens pathogenesis remains to be investigated. In this study, we have demonstrated that transparent mouse lenses treated with glucose oxidase and UVA irradiation undergo in vitro cataract formation, and associated with this process, the expression patterns of the 3 sumoylation enzymes have been found significantly altered.

Methods: Four-week-old C57BL/6J mice were used in our experiment. Lenses were carefully excised from eyes and cultured in M199 medium (Sigma 3769) for at least 12 hours. Transparent lenses (without surgical damage) were selected for experimentation. The lenses were exposed to UVA for 60 min or treated with 30 mU/mL glucose oxidase (GO, MP Biomedicals, 1673) to induce cataract formation. The mRNA levels were analysed with qRT-PCR. The protein levels were determined with western blot analysis and quantitated with Image J.

Results: we have obtained the following results: 1) Both GO treatment and UVA irradiation can induce cataract formation in the in vitro cultured mouse lenses; 2) With GO treatment, the mRNAs and proteins for the 5 sumoylation enzymes were all significantly downregulated; 3) With UVA irradiation, the changes in the expression patterns of the mRNAs and proteins for the SAE1, UBA2 , UBC9 and PIAS1 were opposite, while the mRNAs were upregulated either significantly (for SAE1, UBA2 and UBC9) or slightly (PIAS1), the proteins for all 4 sumoylation enzymes were downregulated; For RanBP2, the UVA induced changes in both mRNA and protein are consist with the GO treatment.

Conclusion: Under GO and UVA irradiation conditions, the expression levels of both mRNA and protein for the three major sumoylation enzymes were significantly changed. Our results suggest that altered expression patterns of the sumoylation enzymes are associated with oxidative stressinduced cataractogenesis.

Keywords: SAE1, UBA2, UBC9, PIAS1, RanBP2, sumoylation enzymes, cataract induction, UVA, oxidative stress.

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Article Details

Year: 2018
Published on: 30 January, 2019
Page: [542 - 549]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1566524019666190111152324
Price: $65

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