Background: Plant protease Inhibitors (PIs) play key roles in regulation of many biological activities
and being less toxic, more potent and specific in comparision to chemical inhibitors.
Methods: A new proteinaceous trypsin inhibitor was isolated and purified from Macrotyloma uniflorum seeds
with a molecular mass of 25 KDa was purified to homogeneity via three sequential purification steps i.e., ammonium
sulphate precipitation to CNBr activativated Sepharose 4B coupled trypsin affinity chromatography.
Purified protease inhibitor (PI) showed optical specific activities of 665 µmols of tyrosine released/ml/min.
Results: Overall, there was a remarkable increase in the fold of purification. MUTI is stable to denaturation by
heat (upto 80°C), pH (4-10).The inhibitory activity increased to two fold in the presence of mercuric chloride
and got reduced by half in the presence of ferric chloride. SDS, Dithiothreitol, β-mercaptoethanol, Hydrogen
peroxide, Triton X 100 enhanced its inhibitory activity whereas activity was reduced in the presence of DMSO.
Chemical modification of the inhibitor by DEPC decreased its activity but the activity was increased considerably
when modified with NE and PMSF. Presence of protease inhibitor activity was confirmed by reverse zymography
and Dot- blot. Also MUPI has antifungal and antimicrobial properties. MUPI inhibited Phytophthora
capsici by 16.6% and Rhizoctonia solani by 27.7%.
Conclusion: Antibacterial activity was shown against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
MUPI retained 90% inhibition upon storage at 4°C for over a period of six months. Thus PI can be effectively
exploited to increase the shelf life of seafood.