Combining Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Patterns with ABCD2 Score Predicts Stroke Risk after Transient Ischemic Attack

Author(s): Lulu Pei, Bo Song, Hui Fang, Yuan Gao, Yinan Guo, Kai Liu, Yapeng Li, Xiao Wang, Xuan Tian, Jun Wu, Shilei Sun, Yuming Xu*

Journal Name: Current Neurovascular Research

Volume 15 , Issue 4 , 2018

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Background: Recent studies indicated that multiple acute infarctions on Diffusion- Weighted Imaging (DWI) were associated with a higher risk of stroke.

Objective: The study aims to estimate the association of different infarction patterns and ABCD2 score with the prognosis of Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA).

Method: We prospectively analyzed the data from TIA database of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. The predictive outcome was a 90-day ischemic stroke. Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the predictive value of risk factors associated with stroke. The receiver-operating characteristics curves were plotted, and the predictive value was assessed by computing the Area Under the Curve (AUC).

Results: A total of 1376 eligible patients were enrolled. DWI patterns were significant predictors for stroke (single acute infarction: hazard ratio [HR] =2.942, p <0.001; multiple acute infarctions: HR =5.552, p <0.001, in comparison with no acute infarction). Patients with both multiple infarctions and ABCD2 ≥4 were associated with approximately 15.5-fold risk of stroke at 90 days (28.8% vs. 2.1%, HR =15.455, 95% confidence interval [CI], 7.946-30.057, p <0.001), compared with those with no infarction or ABCD2 <4. The ABCD2+ DWI patterns showed a better discrimination with an AUC of 0.765 (95% CI, 0.741–0.787) than the ABCD2 score (AUC =0.651; 95% CI, 0.625-0.676; Z =4.777; p <0.0001) and ABCD3-I score (AUC =0.724; 95% CI, 0.700- 0.748; Z =2.697; p =0.007).

Conclusion: Combining infarction patterns with ABCD2 score could enhance the predictive value for early stroke risk in TIA.

Keywords: ABCD2 score, multiple infarctions, Diffusion-weighted Imaging (DWI), stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), prognosis.

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Article Details

Year: 2018
Published on: 18 January, 2019
Page: [298 - 304]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1567202616666181204121636
Price: $65

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