Background: Tualang honey (TH) has been shown to exert beneficial effects on learning and
memory function in various animal models. However, its learning and memory effects in lipopolysaccharide
(LPS) rat model have not been elucidated.
Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the cognitive-enhancing effects of TH and its methanolic
fraction in comparison to the clinically approved N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor
antagonist (memantine) using LPS rat model.
Methods: A total of ninety male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups: (i) control, (ii) untreated
LPS (iii) LPS treated with 200 mg/kg TH, (iv) LPS treated with 150 mg/kg methanol fraction of TH
(MTH) and (v) LPS treated with 10 mg/kg memantine. All treatments were administered intraperitoneally
once daily for 14 days. Morris water maze (MWM) and novel object recognition (NOR) tests were
performed to assess spatial and recognition memory function.
Results: The present study confirmed that LPS significantly impairs spatial and recognition memory and
alone treatment with TH or MTH improved spatial and recognition memory comparable to memantine.
Conclusion: Both TH and its methanolic fraction improved spatial and recognition memory of LPS rat
model comparable to memantine. Thus, TH and its methanolic fraction have potential preventivetherapeutic
effects for neurodegenerative diseases involving neuroinflammation.