Background: Hedgehog pathway plays a crucial role in the neovascularisation and angiogenesis
during the embryonic stage in humans. Three genes of hedgehog protein isolated from
humans are Sonic hedgehog, Desert hedgehog and Indian hedgehog gene. Two G-protein coupled
receptors identified in the sonic hedgehog pathway served as patched receptor and smoothened receptor.
Materials and Methods: Particularly, sonic hedgehog gene plays a versatile role in cellular homeostasis
and can be a novel therapeutic target in the prevention of cardiovascular disorders. Further
various sonic hedgehog modulators have been reported working as futuristic drug molecules
in the modulation of cardiovascular dysfunctions.
Results: However, there was limited literature availability that has summarized the possible
mechanism of targeting Sonic hedgehog signaling pathway.
Conclusion: Thus, the present review is aimed at exploring the role of targeting sonic hedgehog
protein signaling and modulators as well as to enlighten that how targeting sonic hedgehog protein
involves in the amelioration of atherosclerosis, ischemic heart diseases, vascular endothelial dysfunction,
heart failure and congenital heart diseases.