The Potential Roles of Tendon Stem/Progenitor Cells in Tendon Aging

Author(s): Yingjuan Li, Guangchun Dai, Liu Shi, Yucheng Lin, Minhao Chen, Gang Li, Yunfeng Rui*.

Journal Name: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Volume 14 , Issue 1 , 2019

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Abstract:

Aging is a key dangerous factor for the occurrence and severity of tendon injury, but the exact cognition of the relationship is elusive at present. More previous studies suggest age-related changes occur at tendon mechanical properties, structure and composition, but the pathological alternations may be overlooked, which might be a cause for the structure and function variations, and even speed up the progress of age-related disorders. Recently, the presence of tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs) would provide new insights for the pathogenesis of tendon aging. In this review, the tendon mechanical properties, structure and composition are presented in brief, then, the pathological changes of the aging tendon are described firstly, and the latest researches on alterations of TSPCs in the pathogenesis of tendon aging have also been analyzed. At a cellular level, the hypothetical model of altered TSPCs fate for tendon aging is also proposed. Moreover, the regulation of TSPCs as a potential way of the therapies for age-related tendon diseases is discussed. Therefore, reversing the impaired function of TSPCs and promoting the tenogenic differentiation of TSPCs could become hot spots for further study and give the opportunity to establish new treatment strategies for age-related tendon injuries.

Keywords: Tendon aging and degeneration, tendon stem/progenitor cells, tendon injury and repair, pathological alterations, mechanism, differentiation.

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VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2019
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Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1574888X13666181017112233
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