Emergence of Traditionally Used Foods as Today’s Probioticslong Journey

Author(s): Malika Arora*, Navdeep Kaur, Parveen Bansal, Ashish Baldi.

Journal Name: Current Traditional Medicine

Volume 5 , Issue 2 , 2019

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Introduction: Probiotic based food products have become very popular nowadays throughout the world. Due to the steep rise in scientific evidences pointing towards the positive health benefits to humans and animals; probiotic microorganisms are being manufactured by the food manufactures in a range of market products. As per today’s era, traditional foods are being anticipated as a delivery vehicle for probiotics and nutraceuticals. These traditional food products are supposed to alter the gut microbial composition, thus leading to improved gut health. Worldwide market of probiotics based food products is increasing exponentially due to the increased interest of consumers towards traditional home remedies.

Materials: The traditional products with therapeutic value and having probiotic characteristics have been searched from various research and reviews article from Ayurveda texts (like Charak Samhita, Sushuruta Samhita, Bhavparkasha Nighantu etc.) and Internet sources such as Pubmed, Google Scholar, Scopus etc.

Results: Though key research developments are going on in the field of probiotic microbes, the use of these in food and pharmaceuticals is a major challenge for both the industry and science sectors. This article summarizes traditionally used probiotics product along with market value, current status, associated health/nutritional claims and potential applications of probiotics for health care professionals and common man. Moreover, this manuscript has highlighted the use of traditional probiotics strain as today’s medicines.

Conclusion: In light of ongoing market trends strengthened with presence of the strong scientific evidences for associating health benefits of these probiotic products, there is a need to conduct studies to designate their quality, safety and efficacy. Furthermore, scientific substantiation with supportive evidences of clinical trials is required to be carried out to use probiotics based traditional medical therapy in a safe and judicious manner.

Keywords: Probiotics, traditional foods, market value, current status, ayurveda texts, pharmaceuticals.

[1]
Koenig HG, McCullough ME, Larson DB. Handbook of Religion and Health. Oxford University Press 2001.
[2]
Chopra A, Doiphode VV. Ayurvedic medicine: Core concept, therapeutic principles, and current relevance. Emerg Med Clin North Am 2002; 86(1): 75-89.
[3]
Arora M, Kaur N, Bansal P, et al. Impact of probiotics on respiratory diseases: Mechanistic insights and future approaches in current concepts in the management of respiratory disorders ed. 1st NK Publishers, Kurukshetra ISBN 978-81-932245-3-3. 65-86.
[4]
Fuller R. Probiotics in human medicine. Gut 1991; 32(4): 439.
[5]
Draft Food Safety and Standards (food or health supplement, nutraceuticals, food for special dietary uses, food for special medical purposes, functional foods and novel foods) Regulation. (2017). Available from: . http: //www.fssai.gov.in/home/fss-legislation/notifications/ gazette-notification.html
[6]
Oduro-Yeboah C, Annan T, Amoa-Awua WK, et al. Report on marketing and regulatory opportunities for the European Union for Group 1 2012.
[7]
Min M, Bunt CR, Mason SL, Hussain MA. Non-dairy probiotic food products: An emerging group of functional foods. Critical reviews in food science and nutrition 2018; May 1. 1-6.
[8]
Mollah MA, Pervez M. Role of probiotics in medical practice. J Bangladesh Coll Phys Surg 2018; 36(2): 44-7.
[9]
Tester RF, Al-Ghazzewi FH. Role of prebiotics and probiotics in oral health. Nutr Food Sci 2018; 1(2): 1-2.
[10]
Porter R. The greatest benefit to mankind: A medical history of humanity (The norton history of science). WW Norton & Company 1999.
[11]
Goldin BR. Health benefits of probiotics. Br J Nutr 1998; 80(4): S203-7.
[12]
Agrawal R. Probiotics: An emerging food supplement with health benefits. Food Biotechnol 2005; 19(3): 227-46.
[13]
Stanton C, Gardiner G, Meehan H, et al. Market potential for probiotics. Am J Clin Nutr 2001; 73(2): 476s-83s.
[14]
Informa PL, Bona E, Policy C, Choices A. Probiotics marketing races ahead of the science. The Analyst 2018.Jun 6.
[15]
Olmos AMI, Oberhelman RA. Probiotic agents and infectious diseases: A modern perspective on a traditional therapy. Clin Infect Dis 2001; 32(11): 1567-76.
[16]
Platt CG. Fermented foods - a world perspective. Food Res Int 1994; 27(3): 253-7.
[17]
Arora M, Baldi A. Comparative study of regulatory framework for probiotics: Current status and future recommendations. Appl Clin Res Clin Trials Regul Aff 2017; 4(2): 140-56.
[18]
Grajek W, Olejnik A, Sip A. Probiotics, prebiotics and antioxidants as functional foods. Acta Biochim Pol 2005; 52(3): 665.
[19]
Kanmani P, Satish Kumar R, Yuvaraj N, et al. Probiotics and its functionally valuable products - A review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2013; 53(6): 641-58.
[20]
Parvez S, Malik KA, Ah Kang S, Kim HY. Probiotics and their fermented food products are beneficial for health. J Appl Microbiol 2006; 100(6): 1171-85.
[21]
Kailasapathy K, Rybka SL. Acidophilus and bifidobacterium spp.- their therapeutic potential and survival in yogurt. Aust J Dairy Technol 1997; Apr 1. 52(1): 28-35.
[22]
Ishibashi N. Bifidobacteria: Research and development in Japan. Food Technol 1993; 47: 126-35.
[23]
Hattingh LA, Viljoen BC. Yogurt as probiotic carrier food. Int Dairy J 2001; 11(1-2): 1-7.
[24]
Arora M, Baldi A. Selective identification and charcterization of potential probiotic strains: A review on comprehensive polyphasic approach. Appl Clin Res Clin Trials Regul Aff 2017; 4(1): 60-76.
[25]
Hattingh LA, Viljoen BC. Yogurt as probiotic carrier food. Int Dairy J 2001; 11(1): 1-7.
[26]
Otles S, Cagindi O. Kefir: A probiotic dairy-composition, nutritional and therapeutic aspects. PJN 2003; 2(2): 54-9.
[27]
Cruz AG, Antunes AE, Sousa AL, et al. Ice-cream as a probiotic food carrier. Food Res Int 2009; 42(9): 1233-9.
[28]
Handa S, Sharma N. Evaluation of health benefits of lassi (Buttermilk): A traditional non alcoholic beverage of Northern India. JIB 2016; 3(3): 297-301.
[29]
Sharma NI, Handa SH, Gupta AN. Comprehensive study of different traditional fermented foods/beverages of himachal pradesh to evaluate their nutrition impact on health and rich biodiversity of fermenting microorganism. IJRANS 2013; pp. 19-28.
[30]
Ong L, Henriksson A, Shah NP. Development of probiotic cheddar cheese containing lactobacillus acidophilus, Lb. casei, Lb. paracasei and bifidobacterium spp. and the influence of these bacteria on proteolytic patterns and production of organic acid. Int Dairy J 2006; 16(5): 446-56.
[31]
Khanafari A, Porgham SH. Investigation of probiotic chocolate effect on streptococcus mutans growth inhibition. ISO: Jundishapur J Microbiol 2012; (4): 590-7.
[32]
Lomer MC, Parkes GC, Sanderson JD. Review article: Lactose intolerance in clinical practice-myths and realities. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2008; 27(2): 93-103.
[33]
Tamang JP, Shin DH, et al. Functional properties of microorganisms in fermented foods. Front Microbiol 2016; 7.
[34]
Sharma S, Arora M, Baldi A. Probiotics in India: Current status and future prospects. Pharm Aspire 2013; 1: 4-68.
[35]
FSSAI meeting summary held on 20 June. (2012) Available from: . http: //old.fssai.gov.in/Portals/0/Pdf/minutes_of_14th_authority_meeting pdf. Accessed on 02 November 2014
[36]
Arora M, Sharma S, Baldi A. Comparative insight of regulatory guidelines for probiotics in USA, India and Malaysia: A critical review. Int J Biotechnol Wellness Ind 2013; 2(2): 51-64.
[37]
Kumar K, Sastry N, et al. Colon cancer prevention through probiotics: An overview. J Cancer Sci Ther 2015; 7(3)
[38]
Neha A, Kamaljit S, et al. Probiotic: As effective treatment of diseases. IRJP 2012; 3: 96-101.
[39]
Bonifait L, Grenier D. Cranberry polyphenols: Potential benefits for dental caries and periodontal disease. J Can Dent Assoc 2009; 76: a130-1.
[40]
Haukioja A. Probiotics and oral health. Eur J Dent 2010; 4(3): 348-5.
[41]
Iannitti T, Palmieri B. Therapeutical use of probiotic formulations in clinical practice. Clin Nutr 2010; 29(6): 701-25.
[42]
Wadher KJ, Mahore JG, Umekar MJ. Probiotics: Living medicines in health maintenance and disease prevention. Int J Pharma Bio Sci 2010; 1(3): 1-9.
[43]
Lye HS, Kuan CY, Ewe JA, et al. The improvement of hypertension by probiotics: Effects on cholesterol, diabetes, renin, and phytoestrogens. Int J Mol Sci 2009; 10(9): 3755-75.
[44]
Generoso SV, Viana ML, Santos RG, et al. Protection against increased intestinal permeability and bacterial translocation induced by intestinal obstruction in mice treated with viable and heat-killed Saccharomyces boulardii. Eur J Nutr 2011; 50(4): 261-9.
[45]
Miller HJM. The role of probiotics in the treatment and prevention of helicobacter pylori infection. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2003; 22(4): 360-6.
[46]
Tabuchi M, Ozaki M, Tamura A, et al. Antidiabetic effect of Lactobacillus GG in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 2003; 67(6): 1421-4.
[47]
De Angelis M, Rizzello CG, Fasano A, et al. VSL# 3 probiotic preparation has the capacity to hydrolyze gliadin polypeptides responsible for celiac sprue probiotics and gluten intolerance Bioch et Biophys Acta Mol Bas Dis 2006; 1762(1): 80-93.
[48]
Arora M, Baldi A. Comparative account of quality management and regulatory aspects of products with health claims: Existing approaches and future challenges for probiotics and herbal products. Appl Clin Res Clin Trials Regul Aff 2015; 2(3): 123-32.
[49]
Bhattacharyya BK. Emergence of probiotics in therapeutic applications. Inter J Pharma Sci Nano 2009; 2(1): 383-9.
[50]
Reid G, Jass J, Sebulsky MT, McCormick JK. Potential uses of probiotics in clinical practice. Clini Micro Rev 2003; 16(4): 658-72.
[51]
Selinger CP, Bell A, Cairns A, Lockett M, Sebastian S, Haslam N. Probiotic VSL# 3 prevents antibiotic-associated diarrhoea in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Hosp Infect 2013; 84(2): 159-65.
[52]
Thang CL, Boye JI, Zhao X. Low doses of allergen and probiotic supplementation separately or in combination alleviate allergic reactions to cow β-lactoglobulin in mice. J Nutr 2013; 143(2): 136-41.
[53]
Klatt NR, Canary LA, Sun X, et al. Probiotic/ prebiotic supplementation of antiretrovirals improves gastrointestinal immunity in SIV-infected macaques. J Clin Invest 2013; 123(2): 903-7.
[54]
Akyol S, Mas MR, Comert B, et al. The effect of antibiotic and probiotic combination therapy on secondary pancreatic infections and oxidative stress parameters in experimental acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Pancreas 2003; 26(4): 363-7.
[55]
Chen LY, Cai DL, Lin J, Zhong Y, Geng SS, Han T. Effect of compound lactobacilli on cytokines balance in rats with severe acute pancreatitis. Chin J Clin Nutr 2007; 15: 30-5.
[56]
Horst NL, Marques RG, Diestel CF, et al. Effects of probiotic supplementation on markers of acute pancreatitis in rats. Curr Thera Res 2009; 70(2): 136-48.
[57]
Aminabadi NA, Erfanparast L, Ebrahimi A, Oskouei SG. Effect of chlorhexidine pretreatment on the stability of salivary lactobacilli probiotic in six-to twelve-year-old children: A randomized controlled trial. Caries Res 2011; 45(2): 148-54.
[58]
Caglar E, Kargul B, Tanboga I. Bacteriotherapy and probiotics’ role on oral health. Oral Dis 2005; 11(3): 131-7.
[59]
Selinger CP, Bell A, Cairns A, Lockett M, Sebastian S, Haslam N. Probiotic VSL# 3 prevents antibiotic-associated diarrhoea in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Hosp Infect 2013; 84(2): 159-65.
[60]
Mastromarino P, Vitali B, Mosc L. Bacterial vaginosis: A review on clinical trials with probiotics. New Microbiol 2013; 36(3): 229-38.
[61]
Salminen S, Isolauri E, Salminen E. Clinical uses of probiotics for stabilizing the gut mucosal barrier: Successful strains and future challenges. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 1996; 70(2): 347-58.
[62]
Shahani KM, Ayebo AD. Role of dietary lactobacilli in gastrointestinal microecology. The American J Clini Nutr 1980; 33(11): 2448-57.
[63]
Black F, Einarsson K, Lidbeck A, Orrhage K, Nord CE. Effect of lactic acid producing bacteria on the human intestinal microflora during ampicillin treatment. Scand J Infect Dis 1991; 23(2): 247-54.
[64]
Berg RD. The indigenous gastrointestinal microflora. Trends Microbiol 1996; 4(11): 430-5.
[65]
Zhou JS, Pillidge CJ, Gopal PK, Gill HS. Antibiotic susceptibility profiles of new probiotic Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains. Int J Food Microbiol 2005; 98(2): 211-7.
[66]
Arora M, Baldi A. Good manufacturing practice regulations for probiotic based pharmaceuticals: Current scenario and suggestive recommendations. Appl Clin Res Clin Trials Regul Aff 2015; 2(3): 165-75.
[67]
Hempel S, Newberry SJ, Maher AR, et al. Probiotics for the prevention and treatment of antibiotic-associated diarrhea: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA 2012; 307(18): 1959-69.


Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 5
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2019
Page: [114 - 125]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/2215083804666181012125122
Price: $25

Article Metrics

PDF: 31
HTML: 2
EPUB: 1
PRC: 1